This part of our program examines the Dutch exile communities in in the Rhineland imperial cities of Aachen, Frankfurt, and Cologne. The aim is to understand the religious and political culture of these communities, the relationships that exiles developed with their host, as well as how the exiles’ experiences shaped their worldviews. These communities had were largely self-governing community overseen by city councils of local patriciates. They were also cosmopolitan trading cities. This research will be based on city council records, church council and parish records, correspondence, as well as evidence of printing activities in these communities.