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Carter Lab Evolutionary Physiology


* WSU Graduate Student; ** WSU Undergraduate Student, ***WSU Post-doc

Ru, S.*, C. Hardner, K. Evans, D. Main, P.A. Carter, J. Harshman, P. Sandefur, D. Edge-Garza,  C. Peace. 2021. Empirical evaluation of multi-trait DNA testing in an apple seedling population. Tree Genetics and Genomics. 17:13-23.

Smith, L.E.*, M. Jones, R. Hamede, R. Risques, A. Patton, P.A. Carter and A. Storfer. 2020. Telomere length is a susceptibility marker for Tasmanian devil facial tumor disease. Ecohealth. 17: 280-291.

Berthelot, G., S. Johnson, P. Noirez, J. Antero, A. Marck, F.D. Desgorces, F. Pifferi, P.A. Carter, M. Spedding, A.S. Manoux, J.F. Toussaint. 2019. The age-performance relationship in the general population and strategies to delay age related decline in performance. Archives of Public Health 77: 51-60.

Berthelot, G., A. Marck, V. Foulonneau, S. Douady, P. Noirez, P. Thomas, J. Antero-Jacquemin, P.A. Carter, J.M. Di Meglio, J.F. Toussaint. 2019. An integrative modeling approach to the age-performance relationship in mammals at the cellular scale. Scientific Reports 9(418):1-10.

Bellinger*, K, G.H. Thorgaard, and P.A. Carter. 2018. Complex relationship among rearing temperature, growth and sprint speed in clonal lines of rainbow trout. Canadian Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences 75:1868-1877.

Gomulkiewicz, R., J.G. Kingsolver, P.A. Carter, and N. Heckman. 2018. Variation and evolution of function-valued traits. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 49:139-164.

Cabassi, A., D. Pigoli, P. Secchi, P.A. Carter. 2017. Permutation tests for the equality of covariance operators of functional data with applications to evolutionary biology. Electron. J. Statist. 11: 3815-3840. doi:10.1214/17-EJS1347.

Marck, A., G. Berthelot, V. Foulonneau, A. Marc, J. Antero-Jacquemin, P. Noirez, A.M. Bronikowski, T.J. Morgan, T. Garland Jr., P.A. Carter, P. Hersen, J. M. Di Meglio, J-F Toussaint. 2017. Age-Related Changes in Locomotor Performance Reveal a Similar Pattern for Caenorhabditis elegans, Mus domesticus, Canis familiaris, Equus caballus, and Homo sapiens.  The Journals of Gerontology: Series A 72: 455-463.

Ru*, S., C. Hardner, P.A. Carter, K. Evans, D. Main, C. Peace. 2016. Modeling of genetic gain for single traits from marker-assisted seedling selection in clonally propagated crops. Horticulture Research 3:10-20.

Careau V., ME. Wolak, P.A. Carter & T. Garland Jr. 2015. Evolution of the additive genetic variance-covariance matrix under continuous directional selection on a complex behavioral phenotype. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 282:20151119.

Campbell*, J.M., P.A. Carter, P.A. Wheeler, and G.H. Thorgaard. 2015. Aggressive behavior, brain size and domestication in clonal rainbow trout lines. Behavior Genetics 45:245-254.

Kingsolver, J.G, N. Heckman, J. Zhang, P.A. Carter, J.L. Knies, J. Stinchcombe, and K. Meyer. 2015. Genetic variation, simplicity and evolutionary constraints for function-valued traits. The American Naturalist 166: E166-E181.

Bellinger*, K, G.H. Thorgaard, and P.A. Carter. 2014. Effects of domestication on growth and swim performance in rainbow trout. Aquaculture 420-421:154-159.

Gervini, D. and P.A. Carter. 2014. Warped functional analysis of variance. Biometrics 70:526-353.

Irwin, K.K.*, and P.A. Carter. 2014.  Artificial selection on larval growth curves in Tribolium castaneum: Correlated responses and constraints. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 27:2069-2079.

Attanayake*, R.N., P.A. Carter, D. Jiang, L. Del Río-Mendoza, and W. Chen. 2013. Sclerotinia sclerotiorum populations infecting canola from China and the United States are genetically and phenotypically distinct.  Phytopathology 103:750-761.

Careau, V., M.E. Wolak, P.A. Carter, and T. Garland, Jr. 2013. Limits to behavioral evolution: the quantitative genetics of a complex trait under directional selection. Evolution 67:3102-3119.

Heink*, A.E., A. Parrish*, G.H. Thorgaard and P.A. Carter. 2013. Oxidative stress among SOD-1 genotypes in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquatic Toxicology 144-145: 75-82.

Irwin, K.K.*, and P.A. Carter.  2013. Constraints on the evolution of function-valued traits: A study of growth in Tribolium castaneum. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 26:2633-2643.

Serratore**, V., M.P. Zalucki and P.A. Carter. 2013. Thermoregulation in molting and feeding Danaus plexippus caterpillars. Australian Journal of Entomology 52:8-13.

Ware, J., O. Nelson, C. Robbins, P.A. Carter, B. Sarver, and H. Jansen. 2013. Seasonal and daily variation of melatonin and cortisol in the brown bear (Ursus arctos). Physiological Reports 1(3)e00048:1-17.

Stinchcombe, J.R., J. Beder, P.A. Carter, Gilchrist, G., Gervini, D., Gomulkiewicz, R. , Hallgrimsson, B., Heckman, N., Houle, D., Kingsolver, J.G., Marquez, E., Marron, J.S., Meyer, K., Mio, W., Schmitt, J., Yao, F., and Kirkpatrick, M. 2012. Genetics and evolution of function-valued traits: understanding environmentally responsive phenotypes. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 27: 637-647.

Reinbold*, D., G. H. Thorgaard, and P.A. Carter. 2009. Reduced swimming performance and increased growth are associated with domestication of rainbow trout. Canadian Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences 66:1025-1032.

Kane*, S.L., T. Garland, Jr., and P.A. Carter. 2008. Basal metabolic rate of aged mice is affected by random genetic drift but not by selective breeding for high early-age locomotor activity or chronic wheel access.  Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 81:288-300.

Middleton, K.M., C.E. Shubin. D.C. Moore, P.A Carter, T. Garland, Jr., S.M. Swartz. 2008. The relative importance of genetics and phenotypic plasticity in dictating bone morphology and mechanics in aged mice: evidence from an artificial selection experiment. Zoology 111:135-147.

Bronikowski***, A.M., T.J. Morgan*, T. Garland Jr. and P.A. Carter. 2006. The evolution of aging and age-related physical decline in mice selectively bred for high voluntary exercise. Evolution 60: 1494-1508.

Morgan*, T.J., M.A. Evans, T. Garland, Jr., J.G. Swallow, and P.A. Carter. 2005.  Molecular and quantitative genetic divergence among populations of house mice with known evolutionary histories. Heredity 94:518-525.

Hochstetler, K.J., T. Garland, Jr., J.G. Swallow, P.A. Carter, and A. Bult-Ito. 2004. Number of arginine-vasopressin neurons in the suprachiasmatic nuclei is not related to level or circadian characteristics of wheel-running activity in house mice.  Behavior Genetics 34:131-136.

Ragland*, G.J. and P.A. Carter. 2004. Genetic constraints on the evolution of growth and life history traits in the salamander Ambystoma macrodactylum. Heredity 92:569-578.

Bronikowski***, A.M., P.A. Carter, T.J. Morgan*, T. Garland Jr., N. Ung, T.D. Pugh, R.Weindruch, and T.A. Prolla. 2003. Lifelong voluntary exercise in the mouse prevents age-related alterations in gene expression in the heart.  Physiological Genomics 12:129-138.

Koteja, P., P.A. Carter, J.G. Swallow and T. Garland, Jr. 2003. Food wasting in house mice: variation among individuals, families and genetic lines.  Physiology and Behavior 80:375-383.

Koteja, P., J.G. Swallow, P.A. Carter and T Garland, Jr. 2003. Different effects of intensity and duration of locomotor activity on circadian period. Journal of Biological Rhythms 18:1-11.

Morgan*, T.J., T. Garland, Jr., and P.A. Carter. 2003. Ontogenetic trajectories in mice selected for high wheel- running activity. I. Mean ontogenetic trajectories.  Evolution 57:646-657.

Morgan*, T.J., T. Garland, Jr., B.L. Irwin**, J.G. Swallow, and P.A. Carter. 2003. The mode of evolution of molecular markers in populations of house mice under artificial selection for locomotor behavior. J Heredity 94:236-242.

Bronikowski***, A.M., T.J. Morgan*, T. Garland, Jr., and P.A. Carter. 2002. Anti-oxidant gene expression in active and sedentary house mice selected for high voluntary wheel-running behavior. Genetics 161:1763-1769.

Garland, T. Jr., M.T Morgan, J.G. Swallow, J.S. Rhodes, I. Girad, J.G. Belter, and P.A. Carter. 2002. Evolution of a small-muscle polymorphism in lines of house mice selected for high activity levels. Evolution 56:1267-1275.

Girad, I.A., J.G. Swallow, P.A. Carter, P. Koteja, J.S. Rhodes, and T. Garland, Jr. 2002. Maternal-care behavior and life-history traits in house mice (Mus domesticus) artificially selected for high voluntary wheel-running activity.  Behavioral Processes 57:37-50.

Klomberg, K.F., T. Garland, Jr., J.G. Swallow, and P.A. Carter. 2002. Aggression, plasma testosterone levels, and testis size in house mice artificially selected for high activity levels. Physiology and Behavior 77:27-38.

Nunez,* N.P., P.A. Carter, and G.G. Meadows. 2002. Alcohol consumption promotes body weight loss in melanoma-bearing mice. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 26:617-626.

Thomson**, S.L., T. Garland, Jr., J.G. Swallow, and P.A. Carter. 2002. Response of Sod-2 enzyme activity to selection for high voluntary wheel running. Heredity 88:52-61.

Bronikowski***, A. M., P. A. Carter, J. G. Swallow, I. A. Girard, J. S. Rhodes, and T. Garland, Jr. 2001. Open-field behavior of house mice artificially selected for high voluntary wheel running. Behavior Genetics 31:309-316.

Kingsolver, J.G., R.S. Gomulkiewicz, and P.A. Carter. 2001. Variation, selection, and evolution of function-valued traits.  Genetica 112-113:87-104.

Koteja, P., J.G. Swallow, P.A. Carter, and T. Garland, Jr. 2001.  Maximum cold-induced food consumption in mice selected for high locomotor activity: implications for evolution of energy budgets of endotherms. The Journal of Experimental Biology 204(6) 1177-1190.

Swallow, J.G., P. Koteja, P.A. Carter, and T. Garland, Jr. 2001. Food consumption and body composition in mice selected for high wheel running activity. Journal of Comparative Physiology B 171: 651-659.

Carter, P.A., J.B. Mitton, T.D. Kocher, and J.R. Coehlo. 2000. Maintenance of the Adh polymorphism in tiger salamanders II. Differences in biochemical function among allozymes.  Functional Ecology 14:70-76.

Carter, P.A., J.G. Swallow, S. Davis, and T. Garland, Jr. 2000. Nesting behavior of house mice (Mus domesticus) selected for increased wheel-running activity.  Behavior Genetics 30(2):85-94.

Koteja, P., J.G. Swallow, P.A. Carter, and T. Garland, Jr. 2000. Individual variation and repeatability of maximum cold-induced energy assimilation in house mice. Acta theriologica 45(4):455-470.

Rhodes, J.S., P. Koteja, J.G. Swallow, P.A. Carter, and T. Garland, Jr.  2000.  Body temperatures of house mice artificially selected for high voluntary wheel-running behavior: repeatability and effect of genetic selection.  Journal of Thermal Biology 25:391-400.

Carter, P.A., T. Garland, Jr., M.R. Dohm, and J.P Hayes. 1999. Genetic variation and correlations between genotype and locomotor physiology in outbred laboratory house mice (Mus domesticus). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 123:157-164.

Koteja, P., T. Garland, Jr., J. K. Sax, J. G. Swallow, and P. A. Carter. 1999. Behaviour of house mice artificially selected for voluntary wheel running. Animal Behaviour 58:1307-1318.

Koteja, P., J.G. Swallow, P.A. Carter, and T. Garland, Jr. 1999. Energy cost of wheel running in house mice: implications for coadaptation of locomotion and energy budgets. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 72:238-249.

Swallow, J.G., T. Garland, Jr., P. Koteja, and P.A. Carter. 1999. Artificial selection for increased wheel-running activity in house mice results in decreased body mass. The Journal of Experimental Biology 202:2513-2520.

Zhan, W-Z, J.G. Swallow, T. Garland, Jr., D.N. Proctor, P.A. Carter and G.C. Sieck. 1999. Effects of genetic selection and voluntary activity on the medialgastrocnemius muscle in house mice. Journal of Applied Physiology 87: 2326-2333.

Coleman, M.A., T. Garland, Jr., C.A. Marler, S.S. Newton, J.G. Swallow, and P.A. Carter. 1998.  Glucocorticoid response to forced exercise in laboratory house mice (Mus domesticus). Physiology and Behavior 63:279-285.

Krugner-Higby, L.A., A. Gendron, T. Garland, Jr., J.G. Swallow, P.A. Carter, and J.J. Lee. 1998. Eosinophylic polymyositis in a mouse. Contemporary Topics in Laboratory Animal Science 37(6): 94-97

Swallow, J.G., P.A. Carter, and T. Garland, Jr. 1998. Artificial selection for increased wheel-running behavior in house mice. Behavior Genetics 28:227-237.

Swallow, J.G., T Garland, Jr., P.A. Carter, W.Z. Zhan, and G.C. Sieck. 1998. Effects of voluntary activity and genetic selection on aerobic capacity in house mice (Mus domesticus). Journal of Applied Physiology 84(1):69-76.

Carter, P.A. 1997. Maintenance of the Adh polymorphism in tiger salamanders I. Genotypic differences in time to metamorphosis in extreme oxygen environments. Heredity 78:101-109.

Mitton, J.B., P.A. Carter and A. DiGiacomo. 1997. Resting oxygen consumption varies among lactate dehydrogenase genotypes in the sow bug, Porcellio scaber. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 264:1543-1546.

Watt, W.B., K. Donohue, and P.A. Carter. 1996. Adaptation at specific loci. VI. Divergence vs. parallelism of polymorphic allozymes in molecular function and fitness-component effects among Colias species. Molecular Biology and Evolution 13(5):699-709.

Garland, T., Jr, and P.A. Carter. 1994. Evolutionary physiology. Annual Review of Physiology 56:579-621.

Mitton, J.B., D.J. Zelenka, and P.A. Carter. 1994. Selection of breeding stock in pigs favours 6PGD heterozygotes. Heredity 73:177-184.

Zalucki, M.P., J.M. Hughes, J.M. Arthur, and P.A. Carter. 1993. Seasonal variation at four loci in a continuously breeding population of Danaus plexippus L. Heredity 70:205-213.

Hughes, J.M., M.P. Zalucki, and P.A. Carter. 1992. Consistent differences among individual Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus L.) in flight activities at low temperatures. Biological Journal of the Linnaean Society 47:217-231.

Carter, P.A., M.P. Zalucki, and J.M. Hughes. 1989. Genetic variation in a continuously breeding population of Danaus plexippus L.: An examination of heterozygosity at four loci in relation to activity times.  Heredity 63:191-194.

Watt, W.B., C. Kremen, and P.A. Carter. 1989. Testing the “mimicry” explanation for the Colias “alba” polymorphism: Patterns of co-occurrence of Colias and Pierine butterflies. Functional Ecology 3:193-199.

Carter, P.A., and W.B. Watt. 1988.  Adaptation at specific loci. V. Metabolically adjacent enzyme loci may have very distinct experiences of selective pressures.  Genetics 119:913-924.

Zalucki, M.P., J.M. Hughes, and P.A. Carter. 1987. Genetic variation in Danaus plexippus L.: habitat selection or differences in activity times?  Heredity 59: 213-221.

Watt, W.B., P.A. Carter, and K. Donohue. 1986. Females’ choice of “good genotypes” as mates is promoted by an insect mating system. Science 233:1187-1190.

Watt, W.B., P.A. Carter, and S.M. Blower. 1985. Adaptation at specific loci. IV. Differential mating success among glycolytic allozyme genotypes of Colias butterflies. Genetics 109:157-175.