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Saam Laboratory Website Publications

 

Saam Group @ Utah

  1. M. Hanni, P. Lantto, M, Repiský, J. Mares, B. Saam, and J. Vaara, “Electron and nuclear spin polarization in Rb-Xe spin-exchange optical hyperpolarization,” (submitted to Phys. Rev. A).
  2. M.E. Limes, Z.L. Ma, E.G. Sorte, and B. Saam, “Robust solid 129Xe longitudinal relaxation times,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 094309 (2016).
  3. B. Saam, “T1 relaxation of xenon and how to keep it long,” in Hyperpolarized Xenon-129 Magnetic Resonance (Concepts, Production, Techniques and Applications), T. Meersman and E. Brunner (eds.) Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK (2015). http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/9781782628378-00122
  4. E.F. Thenell, M.E. Limes, E.G. Sorte, Z.V. Vardeny, and B. Saam, “Nuclear relaxation measurements in organic semiconducting polymers for application to organic spintronics,” Phys. Rev. B 91, 045205 (2015).  http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.91.045205
  5. H. Malissa, M. Kavand, D.P. Waters, K.J. van Schooten, P.L. Burn, Z.V. Vardeny, B. Saam, J.M. Lupton, and C. Boehme, “Room-temperature coupling between electrical current and nuclear spins in OLEDs,” Science 345, 1487-1490 (2014). http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1255624
  6. R. Glenn, M. E. Limes, B. Pankovich, B. Saam, M. E. Raikh, “Magnetic resonance in slowly modulated longitudinal field: Modified shape of the Rabi oscillations,” Phys. Rev. B 87, 155128 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.87.155128
  7. R. Glenn, M.E. Limes, B. Saam, C. Boehme, and M.E. Raikh, “Analytical study of spin-dependent transition rates within pairs of dipolar and strongly exchange coupled spins with (S = 1/2) during magnetic resonant excitation,” Phys. Rev. B 87, 165205 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.87.165205
  8. M.E. Limes, J. Wang, W.J. Baker, S.-Y. Lee, B. Saam, and C. Boehme, “Numerical study of spin-dependent transition rates within pairs of dipolar and strongly exchange coupled spins with (S = 1/2) during magnetic resonant excitation,” Phys. Rev. B 87, 165204 (2013).
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.87.165204
  9. B.V. Fine, T.A. Elsayed, E.G. Sorte, and B. Saam, “Asymptotic and intermediate long-time behavior of nuclear free induction decays in polycrystalline solids and powders,” Phys. Rev. B 86, 054439 (2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.86.054439
  10. E.G. Sorte, B.V. Fine, and B. Saam, “Phase Relationship Between the Long-time Beats of Free-Induction Decays and Spin Echoes in Solids,” Phys. Rev. B 85, 174425 (2012).
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.85.174425
  11. Z.L. Ma, E.G. Sorte, and B. Saam, “Collisional 3He and 129Xe frequency shifts in Rb–noble-gas mixtures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 196, 193005 (2011). http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.193005
  12. E.G. Sorte, B.V. Fine, and B. Saam, “Long-Time Behavior of Nuclear Spin Decays in Various Lattices,” Phys. Rev. B 83, 064302 (2011).
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.83.064302
  13. G. Schrank, Z. Ma, A. Schoeck, and B. Saam, “Characterization of a Low-Pressure, High-Capacity 129Xe Flow-Through Polarizer,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 063424 (2009).
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.80.063424
  14. B.C. Anger, G. Schrank, A. Schoeck, K.A. Butler, M.S. Solum, B.N. Berry-Pusey, R.J. Pugmire, and B. Saam, “Gas-phase spin relaxation of 129Xe,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 043406 (2008).
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.78.043406
  15. S.W. Morgan, B.V. Fine, and B. Saam, Universal long-time behavior of nuclear-spin decays in a solid, Phys. Rev. Lett., 101, 067601 (2008).
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.067601
  16. C.F.M. Clewett, S.W. Morgan, B. Saam, and T. Pietrass, “Optically Polarized 129Xe NMR Investigation of Carbon Nanotubes,” Phys. Rev. B 78, 235402 (2008).
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.78.235402
  17. B.N. Berry-Pusey, B.C. Anger, G. Laicher, and B. Saam, Nuclear spin relaxation of 129Xe due to persistent xenon dimers, Phys. Rev. A 74, 063408 (2006).
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.74.063408
  18. M.S. Conradi, B.T. Saam, D.A.Yablonskiy, and J.C. Woods, “Hyperpolarized 3He and Perfluorocarbon Gas Diffusion MRI of Lungs,” Progress in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy 48, 63-83 (2006). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pnmrs.2005.12.001
  19. T. Su, G.L. Samuelson, S.W. Morgan, G. Laicher, and B. Saam, “Liquid Hyperpolarized 129Xe Produced by Phase Exchange in a Convection Cell,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2429-2431 (2004).
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1793350
  20. R.E. Jacob, J. Teter, B. Saam, W.C. Chen, and T.R. Gentile, “Low-field Orientation Dependence of 3He Relaxation in Spin-Exchange Cells,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 021401(R) (2004).
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.69.021401
  21. R.E. Jacob, B. Driehuys, and B. Saam, “Fundamental mechanisms of 3He relaxation on glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 370, 261-267 (2003). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0009-2614(03)00110-6
  22. R.E. Jacob, S.W. Morgan, and B. Saam “3He spin exchange cells for magnetic resonance imaging,” J. Appl. Phys. 92, 1588-1597 (2002). http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1487438
  23. R.E. Jacob, S.W. Morgan, B. Saam, and J.C. Leawoods, “Wall Relaxation of 3He in Spin-Exchange Cells,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 143004 (2001). http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.87.143004

 

Saam Publications Prior to 2001

  1. J.C. Leawoods, B. Saam, and M.S. Conradi, Polarization transfer using hyperpolarized, supercritical xenon, Chem. Phys. Lett. 327, 359-364 (2000). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0009-2614(00)00908-8
  2. B.Saam, D.A. Yablonskiy, V.D. Kodibagkar, J.C. Leawoods, D.S. Gierada, J.D. Cooper, S.S. Lefrak, and M.S. Conradi, MR Imaging of Diffusion of 3He Gas in Healthy and Diseased Lungs, Magn. Reson. Med. 44, 174-179 (2000). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1522-2594(200008)44:2<174::AID-MRM2>3.0.CO;2-4
  3. D.S. Gierada, B. Saam, D.A. Yablonskiy, J.D. Cooper, S.S. Lefrak, and M.S. Conradi, Dynamic Echo Planar MR Imaging of Lung Ventilation with Hyperpolarized 3He in Normal Subjects and Patients with Severe Emphysema, NMR in Biomed. 13, 176-181 (2000). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1099-1492(200006)13:4<176::AID-NBM640>3.0.CO;2-I
  4. B. Saam, D.A. Yablonskiy, D.S. Gierada, and M.S. Conradi, Rapid Imaging of Hyperpolarized Gas Using EPI, Magn. Res. Med. 42, 507-514 (1999). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1522-2594(199909)42:3<507::AID-MRM13>3.0.CO;2-U
  5. B. Saam and M.S. Conradi, Protection circuitry for high power diode laser arrays, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 2230-2232 (1998). http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1148925
  6. B. Saam and M.S. Conradi, Low Frequency NMR Polarimeter for Hyperpolarized Gases, J. Magn. Reson. 134, 67-71 (1998). http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jmre.1998.1515
  7. G.A. Johnson, G.D. Cates, X.J. Chen, G.P. Cofer, B. Driehuys, W. Happer, L.W. Hedlund, B. Saam, M.D. Shattuck, J. Swartz, Dynamics of Magnetization in Hyperpolarized Gas MRI of the Lung,  Magn. Res. Med. 38, 66-71 (1997). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mrm.1910380111
  8. B.R. Patyal, J-H. Gao, R.F. Williams, J. Roby, B. Saam, B.A. Rockwell, R.J. Thomas, D.J. Stolarski, and P.T. Fox, Longitudinal Relaxation and Diffusion Measurements Using Magnetic Resonance Signals from Laser-Hyperpolarized 129Xe Nuclei, J. Magn. Res. 126, 58-65 (1997). http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jmre.1997.1159
  9. J.P. Mugler, B. Driehuys, J.R. Brookeman, G.D. Cates, S.S. Berr, R.G. Bryant, T.M. Daniel, E.E. de Lange, J.H. Downs, C.J. Erickson, W. Happer, D.P. Hinton, N.F. Kassel, T. Maier, C.D. Phillips, B.T. Saam, K.L. Sauer, and M.E. Wagshul, MR Imaging and Spectroscopy Using Hyperpolarized 129Xe Gas:  Preliminary Human Results, Magn. Res. Med. 37, 809-815 (1997). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mrm.1910370602
  10. B. Saam, N. Drukker, W. Happer, Edge enhancement observed with hyperpolarized 3He, Chem. Phys. Lett. 263, 481-487 (1996). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0009-2614(96)01238-9
  11. J.R. MacFall, H.C. Charles, R.D. Black, H.Middleton, J. Swartz, B. Saam, B. Driehuys, C. Erickson, W.Happer, G.D. Cates, G.A. Johnson, C.E. Ravin, Human Lung Air Spaces:  Potential for MR Imaging with Hyperpolarized 3He, Radiology 200, 553-558 (1996).
  12. B. Saam, Magnetic Resonance Imaging with Laser-Polarized Noble Gases, Nature Med. 2, 358-359 (1996). http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nm0396-358
  13. B. Saam, W. Happer, and H. Middleton, Nuclear relaxation of 3He in the presence of O2, Phys. Rev. A 52, 862-865 (1995). http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.52.862
  14. H. Middleton, R.D. Black, B. Saam, G.D. Cates, G.P. Cofer, R. Guenther, W. Happer, L.W. Hedlund, G.A. Johnson, K. Juvan, J. Swartz, MR Imaging with Hyperpolarized 3He Gas, Magn. Res. Med. 33, 271-275 (1995). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mrm.1910330219
  15. M.S. Albert, G.D. Cates, B. Driehuys, W. Happer, B. Saam, C.S. Springer Jr, and A. Wishnia, Biological magnetic resonance imaging using laser-polarized 129Xe, Nature 370, 199-201 (1994).
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/370199a0
  16. A.S. Barton, N.R. Newbury, G.D. Cates, B. Driehuys, H. Middleton, and B. Saam, Self-calibrating measurement of polarization-dependent frequency shifts from Rb-3He collisions, Phys. Rev. A 49, 2766-2770 (1994). http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.49.2766
  17. B. Driehuys, G.D. Cates, W. Happer, H. Mabuchi, B. Saam, M.S. Albert, and A. Wishnia, Spin transfer between laser-polarized 129Xe nuclei and surface protons, Phys. Lett. A 184, 88-92 (1993). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0375-9601(93)90352-Z
  18. N.R. Newbury, A.S. Barton, P. Bogorad, G.D. Cates, M. Gatzke, H. Mabuchi, and B. Saam, Polarization-dependent frequency shifts from Rb-3He collisions, Phys. Rev. A 48, 558-568 (1993).
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.48.558
  19. M.A. Gatzke, G.D. Cates, B. Driehuys, D. Fox, W. Happer, and B. Saam, Extraordinarily Slow Nuclear Spin Relaxation in Frozen Laser-Polarized 129Xe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 690-693 (1993).
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.70.690
  20. G.D. Cates, R.J. Fitzgerald, A.S. Barton, P. Bogorad, M. Gatzke, N.R. Newbury, and B. Saam, Rb-129Xe spin-exchange rates due to binary and three-body collisions at high Xe pressures, Phys. Rev. A 45, 4631-4639 (1992). http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.45.4631
  21. N.R. Newbury, A.S. Barton, P. Bogorad, G.D. Cates, M. Gatzke, B. Saam, L. Han, R. Holmes, P.A. Souder, J. Xu, and D. Benton, Laser Polarized Muonic Helium, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 3219-3222 (1991). http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.67.3219
  22. B. Saam, M. Skalsey, and J. Van House, Measurement of the cross section 22Ne (p,n)22Na, Phys. Rev. C 40, R1563-R1566 (1989). http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.40.R1563

 

Saam Comments

  1.  M.V. Romalis, D. Sheng, B. Saam, T.G. Walker, “Comment on Pressure dependence of wall relaxation in polarized 3He gaseous cells,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 047401 (2014).
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.188901
  2. T.R. Gentile, M.E. Hayden, P.J. Nacher, A.K. Petukhov, B. Saam, and T.G. Walker, “Comment on ‘Enhanced polarization and mechanisms in optically pumped hyperpolarized 3He in the presence of 4He’,” Phys. Rev. A 88, 017401 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.88.017401
  3. B. Saam, A.K. Petukhov, J. Chastagnier, T.R. Gentile, R. Golub, and C.M. Swank, “Comment on ‘Pressure dependence of wall relaxation in polarized 3He gaseous cells’,” Phys. Rev. A 85, 047401 (2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.85.047401

 

Saam Review Articles

  1. M.S. Conradi, B.T. Saam, D.A.Yablonskiy, and J.C. Woods, “Hyperpolarized 3He and Perfluorocarbon Gas Diffusion MRI of Lungs,” Progress in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy 48, 63-83 (2006). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pnmrs.2005.12.001
  2. H.E. Möller, X.J. Chen, B. Saam, K.D. Hagspiel, G.A. Johnson, T.A. Altes, E.E. de Lange, and H.-U. Kauczor, “Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Lungs Using Hyperpolarized Noble Gases,” Magn. Reson. Med., 47, 1029-1051 (2002). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mrm.10173
  3. J.C. Leawoods, D.A. Yablonskiy, B. Saam, D.S. Gierada, and M.S. Conradi, Hyperpolarized 3He Gas MR Imaging, Concepts Magn. Reson. 13, 277-293 (2001). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cmr.1014