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Milling, C.R.*, J.L. Rachlow, P.J. Olsoy*, M.A. Chappell, T.R. Johnson, J.S. Forbey, L.A. Shipley, and    D.H.Thornton. in press.  Habitat structure modifies microclimate: an approach for mapping fine-scale thermal heterogeneity.  Methods in Ecology and Evolution (March 2018).

Crowell, M. M*., L. A. Shipley, J. S. Forbey, J. L. Rachlow, and R. G. Kelsey.  2018.  Dietary partitioning of toxic leaves and fibrous stems differs between sympatric specialist and generalist mammalian herbivores.  Journal of Mammalogy gyy018,

Milling*, C. R., J. L. Rachlow, M. A. Chappell, M. J. Camp*, T. R. Johnson, D. R. Paul, L. A. Shipley, and S. Forbey. 2018. Seasonal temperature acclimatization in a emi-fossorial mammal andthe role of burrows as thermal refugia. PeerJ 6:e4511; DOI 10.7717/peerj.4511.

Camp*, M. J., L. A. Shipley, C. R. Milling*,  J. L. Rachlow, and J. S. Forbey. 2018. Both temperature and food quality influence foraging behavior and diets of small mammalian herbivores. Journal of Thermal Biology 71:83-90.

McMahon, L. A.*, J. L. Rachlow, L. A. Shipley, J. S. Forbey, and T. R. Johnson.  2017.  Habitat selection differs across hierarchical behaviors: Selection of patches and intensity of patch use.  Ecosphere 8(11):0.1993.

Olsoy, P, J.*, L. A. Shipley, J. L. Rachlow, J. S. Forbey, N. Glenn, M. Burgess, and D. Thornton. Unmanned aerial systems measure structural habitat features for wildlife acrossmultiple scales.  Methods in Ecology and Evolution DOI:10.1111/2041-210X.12919.

Camp*, M. J., L. A. Shipley, T. R. Johnson, P. Olsoy*, J. S. Forbey, J. L. Rachlow, and D. Thornton.  2017. The balancing act of foraging: Mammalian herbivores trade-off multiple risks when selecting food patches. Oecologia 185:537-549, DOI 10.1007/500442-017-3957-6.

Milling*, C. R., J. L. Rachlow, T. R. Johnson, J. S. Forbey, and L. A. Shipley. 2017. Seasonalvariation in behavioral thermoregulation and predator avoidance in a small mammal.  Behavioral Ecology 28:1236-1247.

Forbey, J. S., G. L. Patricelli, D. M. Delparte, A. H. Krakauer, P. J. Olsoy*, M. R. Fremgen*, J. D. Nobler*, L. P. Spaete, L. A. Shipley, J. L. Rachlow, A. K. Dirksen, A. Perry, B. A. Richardson, and N. F. Glenn.  2017. Emerging technology to measure habitat quality and behavior of grouse: examples from studies of greater sage-grouse. Wildlife Biology DOI: 10.2981/wlb.00238

McMahon*, L. A, J. L. Rachlow, L. A. Shipley, J. S. Forbey, T. R. Johnson, and P. J. Olsoy*.  2017. Evaluation of micro-GPS receivers for tracking small-bodied mammals. PloS ONE 12(3): e0173185. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0173185

King*, T. W., R. Salom-Pérez, L. A. Shipley, H. B. Quigley, and D. H. Thornton.  2017. Ocelot latrines: communication centers for Neotropical mammals. Journal of Mammalogy 98:106-113.

Olsoy*, P. J., T. G. Griggs, A. C. Ulappa*, K. Gehlken*, L. A. Shipley, and J. S. Forbey.  2016.Nutritional analysis of sagebrush by near-infrared spectroscopy.  Journal of Arid Environments134:125-131.

Utz*, J. L., L. A. Shipley, J. L. Rachlow, T. L. Johnstone-Yellin, M. J. Camp*, and J.S. Forbey. 2016.Understanding tradeoffs between predation and food risks in a specialist mammalian herbivore.Wildlife Biology 22:167-173.

Crowell*, M. M., L. A. Shipley, M. J. Camp*, J. L. Rachlow, J. S. Forbey, and T. R.Johnson. 2016.Selection of food patches by sympatric herbivores in response to concealment and distance froma refuge.  Ecology and Evolution DOI: 10.1002/ece3.1940.

Camp*, M. J., L. A. Shipley, T. R. Johnson, M. M. Crowell*, J. S. Forbey, and J. L. Rachlow.  2015.Modeling tradeoffs between plant fiber and toxins:  A framework for quantifying risks perceived byforaging herbivores. Ecology. 96:3292-3302

Stonehouse*, K. F., L. A. Shipley, J. Lowe, M. T. Atamian, M. E. Swanson, and M. A. Schroeder. 2015.Habitat selection by sympatric greater sage-grouse and Columbian sharp-tailed grouse.  Journalof Wildlife Management 79:1308-1326.

Olsoy*, P. J., J. S. Forbey, J. L. Rachlow, J. D. Nobler*, N. F. Glenn, and L. A. Shipley.  2015.Fearscapes: mapping functional properties of cover for prey with terrestrial LiDAR.  Bioscience 65:74-80.

Rachlow, J. L., R. M. Peter**, L. A. Shipley, and T. R. Johnson.  2014.  Sublethal effects of capture and collaring on wildlife: experimental and field evidence. Wildlife Society Bulletin 38:458-465.

Ulappa*, A. C., R. G. Kelsey, G. G. Frye*, J. L. Rachlow, L. A. Shipley, X. Pu, L. Bond, and J. Forbey. Plant protein and secondary metabolites influence diet selection in a mammalian specialist herbivore. Journal of Mammalogy 95:834-842.

Camp*, M. J., J. L. Rachlow, L. A. Shipley, T. R. Johnson, and K. D. Bockting.  2014. Grazing in Sagebrush rangelands in western North American: Implications for habitat quality for a sagebrush specialist, the pygmy rabbit. The Rangeland Journal 36:151-159.

Elias*, B. A., L. A. Shipley, S. McCusker, R. D. Sayler, and T. R. Johnson. 2013. Effects of genetic management on reproduction, growth, and survival in captive  ndangered pygmy rabbits (Brachylagus idahoensis). Journal of Mammalogy 94:1282-1292.

Ellsworth*, E., A. J. Wirsing, L. A. Shipley, and D. L. Murray. 2013.  Do measures of plant intake and digestibility from captive feeding trials align with foraging patterns of free-ranging snowshoe hares? Wildlife Research 40:340-357.

Scarlata*, C. D., B. A. Elias, J. R. Godwin, R. A. Powell, D. Shepherdson, L. A. Shipley, and J. L. Brown. Influence of environmental conditions and facility on faecal glucocorticoid concentrations and in captive pygmy rabbits.  Animal Welfare 22:357-368.

Cook*, R. C., J. G. Cook, D. J. Vales, B, K. Johnson, S. M. McCorquodale, L. A. Shipley, R. A. Riggs,  L. Irwin, S. L. Murphie, B. L. Murphie, K. A. Schoenecker, F. Geyer, P. B. Hall, R. D. Spencer, D. Immell, D. H. Jackson, B. L. Tiller, P. J. Miller, and L. Schmitz. 2013. Regional and seasonal patterns of nutritional condition and reproduction in elk. Wildlife Monographs 184.

Wagoner*, S. J., L. A. Shipley, R. C. Cook*, and L. Hardesty. 2013   Spring cattle grazing and mule deer nutrition in a bluebunch wheatgrass community.  Journal of Wildlife Management 77:897-907.

Camp*, M. J., B. A. Woods*, J. L. Rachlow, T. R. Johnson, and L. A. Shipley.  2013.  Examining the functional components of cover: The relationship between concealment and visibility in shrub-steppe habitat. Ecosphere 4:1-14.

Camp*, M. J., J. L. Rachlow, B. A. Woods*, T. R. Johnson, and L. A. Shipley.  2012.  When to run and when to hide: The influence of concealment, visibility, and proximity to refugia on perception of risk.  Ethology 118:1010-1017.

Shipley, L. A., E. M. Davis, L. A. Felicetti, S. McClean, and J. S. Forbey. 2012. Mechanisms for eliminating monoterpenes of sagebrush by specialist and generalist rabbits.  Journal of   Chemical Ecology 38:1178-1189.

Scarlata*, C. D., B. A. Elias, J. R. Godwin, R. A. Powell, D. Shepherdson, L. A. Shipley and J. L. Brown. Relationship between fecal hormone concentrations and reproductive success in captive  pygmy rabbits (Brachylagus idahoensis).  Journal of Mammalogy 93:759-770..

Scarlata*, C. D., B. A. Elias, J. R. Godwin, R. A. Powell, D. Shepherdson, L. A. Shipley and J. L. Brown. Characterizing gonadal and adrenal activity by fecal steroid analysis in pygmy rabbits (Brachylagus idahoensis).  General and Comparative Endocrinology 171:373-380.

Tollefson*, T. L., L. A. Shipley, W. L. Myers, and N. Dasgupta. 2011. Forage quality’s influence on mule deer fawns.  Journal of Wildlife Management 75:919-928.

McCusker*, S., L. A. Shipley, T. N. Tollefson*, M. Griffin, and E. A. Koutsos. 2011.  Effects of starch and fibre in pelleted diets on nutritional status of mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) fawns. Journal of Animal  Physiology and Animal Nutrition 95: 489 – 498.

Dungan*,J. D., L. A. Shipley, and R. G. Wright. 2010. Activity patterns, foraging ecology and summer range carrying capacity of moose in Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, Alces 46: 71-87.

Tollefson*, T. L., L. A. Shipley, W. L. Myers, D. H. Keisler, and N. Dasgupta. 2010. The influence of summer and autumn nutrition on body condition and reproduction in lactating mule deer.  Journal of Wildlife Management 74:974-986.

Lopez-Perez, E., L. A. Shipley, and W. Myers.  2010.  Blood selenium levels of mule deer in eastern Washington.  Journal of Dairy Science 93:125-126.

Shipley, L. A.  2010.  Fifty years of food and foraging in moose: Lessons in ecology from a model herbivore.  Alces 46:1-13.

McClure, M. F., and L. A. Shipley.  2009. Animal response to nested self-similar patches: A test with woolly bears.  Oikos 118:653-662.

Johnstone-Yellin*, T. L., L. A. Shipley, W. L. Myers, and H. S. Robinson*.  2009.  To twin or not to twin? Tradeoffs in litter size and fawn survival in mule deer.  Journal of Mammalogy 90:453-460.

Shipley, L. A., J. S. Forbey, and B. D. Moore. 2009.  Revisiting the dietary niche: when is a mammalian herbivore a specialist?  Integrative and Comparative Biology 49:274-290.

Kendrick*, E., L. A. Shipley, A. E. Hagerman, and L. M. Kelly*.  2009. Fruit and fibre: The nutritional value of figs for a small tropical ruminant, the blue duiker (Cephalophus monticola).  Journal of African Ecology 47:556-566.

DeGabriel*, J. L., B. D. Moore, L. A. Shipley, A. K. Krockenberger, I. R. Wallis, C. N. Johnson, and W. J. Foley.  2009. Inter-population differences in the tolerance of a marsupial folivore to plant secondary metabolites.  Oecologia 161:534-548.

Shipley, L. A. 2008. Pygmy rabbits in peril in the U.S.A.

Thines*, N. J., L. A. Shipley, J. H. Bassman, J. R. Slusser, and W. Gao. 2008.  UV-B effects on nutritional chemistry of plants and responses of a mammalian herbivore. Oecologia 156:125-135.

Shipley, L. A.  2007.  The influence of bite size on foraging at larger spatial and temporal scales by mammalian herbivores.  Oikos 116:1964-1974.

Robbins, C. T., J. K. Fortin*, K. D. Rode, S. D. Farley, and L. A. Shipley.  2007.  Optimizing protein intake as a foraging strategy to maximize mass gain in an omnivore.  Oikos 116:1675-1682.

Cook, R. C., T. R. Stephenson, W. L. Myers, J. G. Cook, and L. A. Shipley.  2007. Validating predictive models of nutritional condition for mule deer.  Journal of Wildlife Management 71:1934-1943.

Thines*, N. J., L. A. Shipley, J. H. Bassman, J. K. Fellman, D. S. Mattison, and J. R. Slusser. 2007. Effects of enhanced UV-B radiation on plant chemistry: Nutritional consequences for a specialist and generalist lagomorph.Journal of Chemical Ecology 33:1025-1039.

Shipley, L. A., T. B. Davila*, N. J. Thines*, and B. A. Elias*.  2006. Nutritional requirements and diet choices of the  pygmy rabbit (Brachylagus idahoensis): A sagebrush specialist.  Journal of Chemical Ecology 32:2455-2474.

Elias*, B. A., L. A. Shipley, R. D. Sayler and R. S. Lamson*.  2006. Mating behavior and parental care in captive pygmy rabbits. Journal of Mammalogy  87:921-928

Johnstone-Yellin*, T. L., L. A. Shipley, and W. L. Myers. 2006. Evaluating the performance of vaginal implant transmitters for capturing neonatal mule deer fawns.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 34:338-344.

Searle*, K., T. Vandervelde*, N. T. Hobbs, L. A. Shipley, and B. A. Wunder. 2006.  Spatial context influences patch residence time in foraging hierarchies. Oecologia 148:710-719.

Searle*, K., N. T. Hobbs, B. A. Wunder, and L. A. Shipley. 2006. Preferences in a patchy landscapes: the influence of scale-specific intake rates and variance in reward. Behavioral Ecology 17:315-323.

Searle*, K. R., N. T. Hobbs, and L. A. Shipley. 2005. Should I stay or should I go? Patch departure decisions by herbivores at multiple scales.Oikos 111:417-424.

Searle*, K. R., T. Vandervelde*, N. T. Hobbs, and L. A. Shipley. 2005. Gain functions for large herbivores: tests of alternative models. Journal of Animal Ecology 74:181-189.

Thines* N. J., L. A. Shipley, and R. D. Sayler.  2004.  Effects of cattle grazing on ecology and habitat of Columbia Basin pygmy rabbits (Brachylagus idahoensis).  Biological Conservation 119:525-534.

Sponheimer, M., T. Robinson, L. Ayliffe, B. Passey, B. Roeder, L. Shipley, E. Lopez*,  T. Cerling, D. Dearing* and J. Ehleringer.  2003. An experimental study of carbon-isotope fractionation between diet, hair, and feces of mammalian herbivores. Canadian Journal of Zoology 81:871-

Felicetti*, L.A., C.T. Robbins, and L.A. Shipley.  2003.  Dietary protein content alters energy expenditure and composition of the gain in grizzly bears (Ursus arctos horribilis). Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 76:256-261.

Hobbs, N. T., J. E. Gross, L. A. Shipley, D. E. Spalinger, and Wunder. 2003. Herbivore functional response in heterogeneous environments: A contest among models.  Ecology 84:666-681

Shipley, L. A., and L. A. Felicetti*. 2002. Nitrogen and fiber digestibility of natural forages by blue duikers.  Zoo Biology 21:123-134.

Nolte, D., L. A. Shipley, and J. Schafer. 2001. Evaluating Wolfin as a repellent to deer on roads in Washington. Western Journal of Applied Forestry. 16:182-186.

Fletcher*, J. D., L. A. Shipley, W. J. McShea, and D. L. Shumway. 2001. Wildlife herbivory and rare plants:  The effects of white-tailed deer, rodents, and insects on growth and survival of Turk’s cap lily. Biological Conservation 101:229-238.

Rode*, K. D., C. T. Robbins, L. A. Shipley, and T. A. Hanley.  2001. The constraints on herbivory by grizzly bears.  Oecologia 128:62-71.

Fletcher*, J. D., W. J. McShea, L. A. Shipley, and D. Shumway.  2001. The utility of using common forest forbs to measure browsing pressure by white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). Natural Areas Journal 54:413-419.

Laca, E., L. A. Shipley, and E. Reid*.  2001.  Structural anti-quality characteristics of range and pasture plants. Journal of Range Management 54:413-419.

Felicetti*, L. A., L. A. Shipley, G. Witmer, and C. T. Robbins.  2000.  Digestive strategies of North American porcupines: Nitrogen, dry matter, and energy digestibility of natural forages. Biochemical and Physiological Zoology 73:772-780.

Burton*, N. M., L. A. Shipley, K. Byrne, J. Vierck, and M. V. Dodson. 2000. Isolation and culture characterization of wapiti (Cervus elaphus) satellite cells.  Canadian Journal of Animal Science 80:303-309.

Brown, W. K., W. K. Hall, L. R. Linton, R. E. Huenefeld*, and L. A. Shipley. 2000.The repellency of 3 compounds to caribou.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 28:365-371.

Wenninger*, P. S., and L. A. Shipley.  2000.  A comparison of harvesting, rumination, digestion,rumination, and passage on fruit, forb, and leaf diets by blue duikers. Oecologia. 123:466-474.

Shipley, L. A., A. W. Illius, K. Danell, N. T. Hobbs, and D. E. Spalinger.  1999.  Predicting bite size selection of mammalian herbivores: a test of a general model of diet optimization. Oikos 84:55-

Shipley, L. A., S. Blomquist*, and K. Danell.  1998.  Diet choices by free-ranging moose in relation to plant distribution, chemistry, and morphology in northern Sweden.  Canadian Journal of Zoology 76:1722-1733.

Spalinger, D. E., S. M. Cooper, D. Martin, and L. A. Shipley*.  1997. Is social learning an important influence on foraging behavior in white-tailed deer?  Journal of Wildlife Management 61:611-621.

Shipley*, L. A., D. E. Spalinger, J. E. Gross,  N. T. Hobbs, and B. A. Wunder.  1996. The dynamics and scaling of foraging velocity and  encounter rate in mammalian herbivores.  Functional Ecology 10:234-244.

Shipley*, L. A., and D. E. Spalinger.  1995.  Influence of size and density of browse patches on intake rates and foraging decisions of young moose and white-tailed deer.  Oecologia 104:112-121.

Shipley*, L. A., J. E. Gross, D. E. Spalinger, N. T. Hobbs, and B. A. Wunder.   1994.   The scaling of intake rate of mammalian herbivores.  American Naturalist 143:1055-1082.

Gross, J. E., L. A. Shipley*, N. T. Hobbs, D. E. Spalinger, and B. A. Wunder.  1993.  Functional response of herbivores in food-concentrated patches:  tests of a mechanistic model. Ecology 74: 778-791.

Shipley*, L. A., and D. E. Spalinger.  1992.  Mechanics of browsing in dense food patches: effects of plant and animal morphology on intake rate.  Canadian  Journal of Zoology 70:1743-1752.