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Brunner Lab Publications

Brunner, J. L., C. M. Yarber, R. A. I. Pearhill, and C. S. Goldberg. 2023. Environmental DNA‐based detection of pathogens in trade and captive settings: Best practices and validation for Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans. Methods in Ecology and Evolution DOI: 10.1111/2041-210X.14217 PDF

Brunner, J. L., S. L. LaDeau, M. Killilea, E. Valentine, M. Schierer, and R. S. Ostfeld. 2023. Off‐host survival of blacklegged ticks in eastern North America: A multistage, multiyear, multisite study. Ecological Monographs e1572. DOI: 10.1002/ecm.1572 PDF

Cavasos, K., R. K. Adhikari, N. C. Poudyal, J. L. Brunner, A. R. Warwick, and M. J. Gray. 2023. Understanding the demand for and value of pathogen‐free amphibians to US pet owners. Conservation Science and Practice 5. DOI: 10.1111/csp2.12995 PDF

Cavasos, K., N. C. Poudyal, J. L. Brunner, A. R. Warwick, J. Jones, N. Moherman, M. George, J. D. Willard, Z. T. Brinks, and M. J. Gray. 2023. Attitudes and behavioral intentions of pet amphibian owners about biosecurity practices. EcoHealth DOI: 10.1007/s10393-023-01645-8 PDF

Cavasos, K., N. C. Poudyal, J. L. Brunner, A. R. Warwick, J. Jones, N. Moherman, M. George, J. D. Willard, Z. T. Brinks, and M. J. Gray. 2023. Exploring business stakeholder engagement in sustainable business practices: Evidence from the US pet amphibian industry. Business Strategy and the Environment DOI: 10.1002/bse.3455 PDF


Brunner, J. L., Olson, D. H., Gray, M. J., Miller, D. L., and Duffus, A. L. 2021. Global patterns of ranavirus detections. FACETS 6:912-924 PDF (Link to the Global Ranavirus Reporting System)

Chinchar, V. G., Duffus, A. L. J., and Brunner, J. L. 2021. Ecology of viruses infecting ectothermic vertebrates: The impact of ranavirus infections on amphibians. Pages 405-447 in Hurst, C. J., editors. Studies in Viral Ecology. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. (Email for the PDF)


Brunner, J. L. 2020. Pooled samples and eDNA-based detection can facilitate the “clean trade” of aquatic animals. Scientific Reports 10:10280. PDF

Hall, E. M., J. L. Brunner, B. Hutzenbiler, and E. J. Crespi. 2020. Salinity stress increases the severity of ranavirus epidemics in amphibian populations. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 287:20200062. PDF

Thomas, C. E., E. S. Burton, and J. L. Brunner. 2020. Environmental drivers of questing activity of juvenile black-legged ticks (Acari: Ixodidae): temperature, desiccation risk, and diel cycles. Journal of Medical Entomology 57:8-16. (Email for the PDF)


Brunner, J., A. Olson, J. Rice, S. Meiners, S. Le, J. Cundiff, C. Goldberg, and A. Pessier. 2019. Ranavirus infection dynamics and shedding in American bullfrogs: consequences for spread and detection in trade. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 135:135-150. (Email for the PDF)

Mihaljevic, J. R., A. L. Greer, and J. L. Brunner. 2019. Evaluating the within-host dynamics of Ranavirus infection with mechanistic disease models and experimental data. Viruses 11:396. PDF

Le Sage, M. J., B. D. Towey, and J. L. Brunner. 2019. Do scavengers prevent or promote disease transmission? The effect of invertebrate scavenging on Ranavirus transmission. Functional Ecology.  Link or email for a copy


Hall, E. M., C. S. Goldberg, J. L. Brunner, and E. J. Crespi. 2018. Seasonal dynamics and potential drivers of ranavirus epidemics in wood frog populations. Oecologia 188:1253-1262. PDF

Brunner, J. L., and C. M. Yarber. 2018. Evaluating the Importance of Environmental Persistence for Ranavirus Transmission and Epidemiology. Pages 129-148 in Malmstrom, C., editors. Environmental Virology and Virus Ecology. Elsevier. PDF

Rijks, J. M., B. Saucedo, J. L. Brunner, P. Hick, D. Lesbarrères, A. Duffus, L. V. Ash, and R. E. Marschang. 2018. Report on the 4th International Symposium on Ranaviruses 2017. Journal of Herpetological Medicine and Surgery 28:13-18. PDF


Price, S. J., E. Ariel, A. Maclaine, G. M. Rosa, M. J. Gray, J. L. Brunner, and T. W. J. Garner. 2017. From fish to frogs and beyond: Impact and host range of emergent ranaviruses. Virology 511:272-279. PDF

Brunner, J. L., L. Beaty, A. Guitard, and D. Russel. 2017. Heterogeneities in the infection process drive ranavirus transmission. Ecology 98:576-582. PDF


Kolozsvary, M. B., and J. L. Brunner. 2016. Presence of ranavirus in a created temporary pool complex in southeastern New York, USA. Herpetological Review 47:598-600.  PDF

O’Connor, K. M., T. A. G. Rittenhouse, and J. L. Brunner. 2016. Ranavirus is common in wood frog (Lithobates sylvaticus) tadpoles throughout Connecticut. Herpetological Review 47:394-397.  PDF

Hall, E. M., E. J. Crespi, C. S. Goldberg, and J. L. Brunner. 2016. Evaluating environmental DNA-based quantification of ranavirus infection in wood frog populations. Molecular Ecology Resources 16:423-433. PDF


Ostfeld, R. S., and J. L. Brunner. 2015. Climate change and Ixodes tick-borne diseases of humans. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 370:20140051. PDF

Crespi, E. J., L. J. Rissler, N. M. Mattheus, K. Engbrecht, S. I. Duncan, T. Seaborn, E. M. Hall, J. D. Peterson, and J. L. Brunner. 2015. Geophysiology of wood frogs: landscape patterns of prevalence of disease and circulating hormone concentrations across the eastern range. Integrative and Comparative Biology 55:602-617. PDF

Brunner, J. L., A. Storfer, M. J. Gray, and J. T. Hoverman. 2015. Ranavirus ecology and evolution: from epidemiology to extinction. Pages 71-104 in Gray, M. J., and V. G. Chinchar, editors. Ranaviruses: Lethal pathogens of ecothermic vertebrates. Springer International Publishing PDF

Gray, M. J., J. L. Brunner, J. E. Earl, and E. Ariel. 2015. Design and Analysis of Ranavirus Studies: Surveillance and Assessing Risk. Pages 209-240 in Gray, M. J., and V. G. Chinchar, editors. Ranaviruses: Lethal pathogens of ectothermic vertebrates. Springer International Publishing PDF

Jones, C. R., J. L. Brunner, G. A. Scoles, and J. P. Owen. 2015. Factors affecting larval tick feeding success: host, density and time. Parasites and Vectors 8:340. PDF

Kolby, J. E., K. M. Smith, S. D. Ramirez, F. Rabemananjara, A. P. Pessier, J. L. Brunner, C. S. Goldberg, L. Berger, and L. F. Skerratt. 2015. Rapid Response to Evaluate the Presence of Amphibian Chytrid Fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) and Ranavirus in Wild Amphibian Populations in Madagascar. PLoS ONE 10:e0125330. PDF


Johnson, A. F., and J. L. Brunner. 2014. Persistence of an amphibian ranavirus in aquatic communities. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 111:129-138. PDF

Hersh, M. H., R. S. Ostfeld, D. J. McHenry, M. Tibbetts, J. L. Brunner, M. E. Killilea, K. LoGiudice, K. A. Schmidt, and F. Keesing. 2014. Co-Infection of blacklegged ticks with Babesia microti and Borrelia burgdorferi is higher than expected and acquired from small mammal hosts. PLoS One 9:e99348. PDF

Reshetnikov, A. N., T. Chestnut, J. L. Brunner, K. Charles, E. E. Nebergall, and D. H. Olson. 2014. Detection of the emerging amphibian pathogens Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis and ranavirus in Russia. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 110:235-240. PDF

Keesing, F., D. J. McHenry, M. Hersh, M. Tibbetts, J. L. Brunner, M. Killilea, K. LoGiudice, K. A. Schmidt, and R. S. Ostfeld. 2014. Prevalence of human-active and variant 1 strains of the tick-borne pathogen Anaplasma phagocytophilum in hosts and forests of eastern North America. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 91:302-309. PDF

Duffus, A. L. J., M. J. Gray, D. L. Miller, and J. L. Brunner. 2014. Second International Symposium on Ranaviruses: a North American herpetological perspective. Journal of North American Herpetology 2014:105-107. PDF


Brunner, J. L., S. Duerr, F. Keesing, M. Killilea, H. Vuong, and R. S. Ostfeld. 2013. An experimental test of competition among mice, chipmunks, and squirrels in deciduous forest fragments. PLoS ONE 8:e66798. PDF

Reeve, B. C., E. J. Crespi, C. M. Whipps, and J. L. Brunner. 2013. Natural stressors and ranavirus susceptibility in larval wood frogs (Rana sylvatica). EcoHealth 10:190-200. PDF

Homan, R. N., J. R. Bartling, R. J. Stenger, and J. L. Brunner. 2013. Detection of Ranavirus in Ohio, USA. Herpetological Review 44:615-618. PDF


Brunner, J. L., M. Killilea, and R. S. Ostfeld. 2012. Overwintering survival of nymphal Ixodes scapularis Say (Acari: Ixodidae) under natural conditions. Journal of Medical Entomology 49:981-987. PDF

Keesing, F., M. H. Hersh, M. Tibbetts, D. J. McHenry, S. Duerr, J. Brunner, M. Killilea, K. Logiudice, K. A. Schmidt, and R. S. Ostfeld. 2012. Reservoir competence of vertebrate hosts for Anaplasma phagocytophilum. Emerging Infectious Diseases 18:2013-2016. PDF

Lesbarrères, D., A. Balseiro, J. Brunner, V. G. Chinchar, A. Duffus, J. Kerby, D. L. Miller, J. Robert, D. M. Schock, T. Waltzek, and M. J. Gray. 2012. Ranavirus: past, present and future. Biology Letters 8:481-483. PDF


Calabrese, J. M., J. L. Brunner, and R. S. Ostfeld. 2011. Partitioning the aggregation of parasites on hosts into intrinsic and extrinsic components via an extended Poisson-gamma mixture Model. PLoS ONE 6:e29215. PDF

Brunner, J. L., K. E. Barnett, C. J. Gosier, S. A. McNulty, M. J. Rubbo, and M. B. Kolozsvary. 2011. Ranavirus infection in die-offs of vernal pool amphibians in New York, USA. Herpetological Review 42:76-79. PDF

Brunner, J. L., L. Cheney, F. Keesing, M. Killilea, K. LoGiudice, A. Previtali, and R. S. Ostfeld. 2011. Molting success of Ixodes scapularis varies among individual blood meal hosts and species. Journal of Medical Entomology 48:860-866. PDF

Warne, R. W., E. J. Crespi, and J. L. Brunner. 2011. Escape from the pond: Stress and developmental responses to ranavirus infection in wood frog tadpoles. Functional Ecology 25:139-146. PDF


Brunner, J. L., and J. P. Collins. 2009. Testing assumptions of the trade-off theory of the evolution of parasite virulence. Evolutionary Ecology Research 11:1169-1188. PDF

Greer, A. L., J. L. Brunner, and J. P. Collins. 2009. Spatial and temporal patterns of Ambystoma tigrinum virus (ATV) prevalence in tiger salamanders (Ambystoma tigrinum nebulosum). Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 85:1-6. PDF

Greer, A. L., D. M. Schock, J. L. Brunner, R. A. Johnson, A. M. Picco, S. D. Cashins, R. A. Alford, L. F. Skerratt, and J. P. Collins. 2009. Guidelines for the safe use of disposable gloves with amphibian larvae in light of pathogens and possible toxic effects. Herpetological Review 40:145-147. PDF

Hemmingway, V., J. Brunner, L. Berger, and R. Speare. 2009. Viral and bacterial diseases of amphibians. Pages 2963-2985 in Heatwole, H., and J. W. Wilkinson, editors. Amphibian Decline: Diseases, Parasites, Maladies, and Pollution. Surrey Beatty & Sons, Baulkham Hills, NSW, Australia. PDF

Keesing, F., J. L. Brunner, S. T. Duerr, M. E. Killilea, K. LoGiudice, K. A. Schmidt, H. Vuong, and R. Ostfeld. 2009. Hosts as ecological traps for the vector of Lyme disease. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 276:3911-3919. PDF


Brunner, J. L., K. LoGiudice, and R. S. Ostfeld. 2008. Estimating reservoir competence of Borrelia burgdorferi hosts: Prevalence and infectivity, sensitivity and specificity. Journal of Medical Entomology 45:139-147. PDF

Brunner, J. L., and R. S. Ostfeld. 2008. Multiple causes of variable tick burdens on small-mammal hosts. Ecology 89:2259-2272. PDF


Brunner, J. L., D. M. Schock, and J. P. Collins. 2007. Transmission dynamics of the amphibian ranavirus Ambystoma tigrinum virus. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 77:87-95. PDF

Picco, A. M., J. L. Brunner, and J. P. Collins. 2007. Susceptibility of the endangered California tiger salamander, Ambystoma californiense, to ranavirus infection. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 43:286-290. PDF


Brunner, J. L., K. Richards, and J. P. Collins. 2005. Dose and host characteristics influence virulence of ranavirus infections. Oecologia 144:399-406.  PDF


Brunner, J. L., D. M. Schock, J. P. Collins, and E. W. Davidson. 2004. The role of an intraspecific reservoir in the persistence of a lethal ranavirus. Ecology 85:560-566. PDF

Collins, J. P., J. L. Brunner, J. Jancovich, and D. M. Schock. 2004. A model host-pathogen system for studying infectious disease dynamics in amphibians: Tiger salamanders (Ambystoma tigrinum) and Ambystoma tigrinum virus. Herpetological Journal 14:195-200. PDF


Carey, C., D. F. Bradford, J. L. Brunner, J. P. Collins, E. W. Davidson, J. E. Longcore, M. Ouellet, A. P. Pessier, and D. M. Schock. 2003. Biotic factors in amphibian population declines. Pages 153-208 in Linder, G., D. W. Sparling, and S. K. Krest, editors. Multiple stressors and declining amphibian populations: evaluating cause and effect. Society for Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry,

Collins, J. P., J. L. Brunner, V. Miera, M. J. Parris, D. M. Schock, and S. Storfer. 2003. Ecology and evolution of infectious disease. Pages 137-151 in Semlitsch, R., editors. Amphibian Conservation. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA. PDF

Davidson, E. W., M. Parris, J. P. Collins, J. E. Longcore, A. P. Pessier, and J. Brunner. 2003. Pathogenicity and transmission of chytridiomycosis in tiger salamanders (Ambystoma tigrinum). Copeia 2003:601-607. PDF