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Mus F, Khokhani D, Rugoli E, Dixon R, Ané J, Peters JW

Genetic determinants of ammonium excretion in nifL mutants of Azotobacter vinelandii

Appl Environ Microbiol (2022) Feb 9; AEM0187621. doi: 10.1128/AEM.01876-21. PubMed PMID: 35138932


Alleman A, Mus F, Peters JW

Metabolic Model of the Nitrogen-Fixing Obligate Aerobe Azotobacter vinelandii Predicts Its Adaptation to Oxygen Concentration and Metal Availability

mBio (2021) Nov/Dec; 12(6): e02593-21. doi: 10.1128/mBio.02593-21. PubMed PMID: 34903060; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC8686835


Prussia GA, Shisler KA, Zadvornyy OA, Streit BR, DuBois JL, Peters JW

The unique Phe–His dyad of 2-ketopropyl coenzyme M oxidoreductase/carboxylase selectively promotes carboxylation and S–C bond cleavage

J Biol Chem (2021) Aug 1; 297(2):100961. DOI:10.1016/j.jbc.2021.100961. PubMed PMID: 34265301; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC8358701


Alleman AB, Mohammed YA, McVay KA, Khan QA, Carr P, Miller J, Miller Z, Torrion J, Lamb P, Mus F, Chen C, Peters JW

Drivers of diazotroph community structure and co-occurrence in a Northern Great Plains pulse crop rotation system

Applied Soil Ecology (2021) Jan; 157:103737. doi: 10.1016/j.apsoil.2020.103737


Varghese F, Zadvornyy OA, Peters JW

Bioenergetics Theory and Components: Flavin-based Electron Bifurcation.

Encyclopedia of Biological Chemistry III (2021) Jan 1; 130-142.


Mus F, Wu H, Alleman AB, Shisler KA, Zadvornyy OA, Bothner B, Dubois JL, Peters JW

Insights into the unique carboxylation reactions in the metabolism of propylene and acetone

Bio J (2020) June; 477(11):2027-2038. DOI: 10.1042/BCJ20200174. PubMed PMID: 32497192


Laureanti JA, Ginovska B, Buchko GW, Schenter GK, Hebert M, Zadvornyy OA, Peters JW, Shaw WJ

A Positive Charge in the Outer Coordination Sphere of an Artificial Enzyme Increases CO2 Hydrogenation

Organometallics (2020) Mar 10; 39: 1532−1544. DOI: 10.1021/acs.organomet.9b00843.


Ryu M, Zhang J, Toth T, Khokhani D, Geddes BA, Mus F, Garcia-Costas A, Peters JW, Poole PS, Ané J, Voigt CA

Control of nitrogen fixation in bacteria that associate with cereals

Nat micro (2020) Feb; 5(2): 314-330. DOI: 10.1021/acs.organomet.9b00843. DOI: 10.1038/s41564-019-0631-2. PubMed PMID: 31844298; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC8634771



Streit BR, Mattice JR, Prussia GA, Peters JW, DuBois JL

The reactive form of a C-S bond-cleaving, CO2-fixing flavoenzyme

J Biol Chem (2019) Mar 29; 294(13):5137-5145. doi: 10.1074/jbc.RA118.005554. PubMed PMID: 30696768; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6442062


Schut GJ, Mohamed-Raseek N, Tokmina-Lukaszewska M, Mulder DW, Nguyen DMN, Lipscomb GL, Hoben JP, Patterson A, Lubner CE, King PW, Peters JW, Bothner B, Miller AF, Adams MWW

The catalytic mechanism of electron-bifurcating electron transfer flavoproteins (ETFs) involves an intermediary complex with NAD+

J Biol Chem (2019) Mar 1; 294(9):3271-3283. doi: 10.1074/jbc.RA118.005653.PubMed PMID: 30567738; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6398123


Mus F, Colman DR, Peters JW, Boyd ES

Geobiological feedbacks, oxygen, and the evolution of nitrogenase 

Free Radic Biol Med  (2019) Feb 5; S0891-5849(18)32253-6. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2019.01.050. Review. PubMed PMID: 30735835


Laureanti JA., Buchko G.W, Katipamula S., Su Q., Linehan J.C, Zadvornyy O.A., Peters J.W., and O’Hagan M.

Protein Scaffold Activates Catalytic CO2 Hydrogenation by a Rhodium Bis(diphosphine) Complex

ACS Catal (2019)  9 (1), pp 620–625 DOI: 10.1021/acscatal.8b02615 Publication Date (Web): December 20, 2018





Peters JW, Beratan DN, Schut GJ, Adams MWW

On the nature of organic and inorganic centers that bifurcate electrons, coupling exergonic and endergonic oxidation-reduction reactions

Chem Commun (Camb). (2018)  Apr 19;54(33):4091-4099. doi: 10.1039/c8cc01530a. PubMed PMID: 29624194


Seefeldt LC, Peters JW, Beratan DN, Bothner B, Minteer SD, Raugei S, Hoffman BM

Control of electron transfer in nitrogenase

Curr Opin Chem Biol. (2018) Dec 47:54-59. doi: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2018.08.011. Epub 2018 Sep 8. Review. PubMed PMID: 30205289.


Seefeldt LC, Hoffman BM, Peters JW, Raugei S, Beratan DN, Antony E, Dean DR.

Energy Transduction in Nitrogenase

Acc Chem Res. (2018) Sep 18;51(9):2179-2186 doi: 10.1021/acs.accounts.8b00112. Epub 2018 Aug 10. PubMed PMID: 30095253.


Peters JW, Beratan DN, Bothner B, Dyer RB, Harwood CS, Heiden ZM, Hille R, Jones AK, King PW, Lu Y, Lubner CE, Minteer SD, Mulder DW, Raugei S, Schut GJ, Seefeldt LC, Tokmina-Lukaszewska M, Zadvornyy OA, Zhang P, Adams MW.

A new era for electron bifurcation

Curr Opin Chem Biol. (2018)  [Epub ahead of print] Review. PubMed PMID: 30077080.


Yu H, Wu CH, Schut GJ, Haja DK, Zhao G, Peters JW, Adams MWW, Li H.

Structure of an Ancient Respiratory System

Cell. (June 2018) 173(7):1636-1649.e16. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2018.03.071. Epub 2018 May 10. PubMed PMID: 29754813; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6003862.


Keable SM, Zadvornyy OA, Johnson LE, Ginovska B, Rasmussen AJ, Danyal K, Eilers BJ, Prussia GA, LeVan AX, Raugei S, Seefeldt LC, Peters JW. 

Structural characterization of the P(1+) intermediate state of the P-cluster of nitrogenase

J Biol Chem. (June 2018) Jun 22;293(25):9629-9635. doi: 10.1074/jbc.RA118.002435. Epub 2018 May 2. PubMed PMID: 29720402; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6016482.


Mus F, Alleman AB, Pence N, Seefeldt LC, Peters JW.

Exploring the alternatives of biological nitrogen fixation

Metallomics. (April 2018)10(4):523-538. doi:10.1039/c8mt00038g. Review. PubMed PMID: 29629463


Partovi SE, Mus F, Gutknecht AE, Martinez HA, Tripet BP, Lange BM, DuBois JL, Peters JW.

Coenzyme M biosynthesis in bacteria involves phosphate elimination by a functionally distinct member of the aspartase/fumarase superfamily 

J Biol Chem. (April 2018) Apr 6;293(14):5236-5246. doi: 10.1074/jbc.RA117.001234


Berry L, Patterson A, Pence N, Peters JW, Bothner B.

Hydrogen Deuterium Exchange Mass Spectrometry of Oxygen Sensitive Proteins 

Bio Protoc. (March 2018)  20;8(6). pii: e2769. doi: 10.21769/BioProtoc.2769. PubMed PMID: 29713655; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5915355


Keable SMVertemara JZadvornyy OA, Eilers BJ, Danyal K,   Rasmussen AJ, Gioia L, Zampella G, Seefeldt LCPeters JW.

Structural characterization of the nitrogenase molybdenum-iron protein with the substrate acetylene trapped near the active site

Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry. (March 2018). doi: 10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2017.12.008


Duan HD, Lubner CETokmina-Lukaszewska MGauss GH, Bothner B, King PWPeters JW, Miller AF.

Distinct properties underlie flavin-based electron bifurcation in a novel electron transfer flavoprotein FixAB from Rhodopseudomonas palustris

Journal of Biological Chemistry ( Febuarry 2018) doi: 10.1074/jbc.RA117.000707


Poudel S, Colman DR, Fixen KR, Ledbetter RN, Zheng Y, Pence N, Seefeldt LC, Peters JW, Harwood CS, Boyd ES. 

Electron transfer to nitrogenase in different genomic and metabolic backgrounds

J Bacteriol. (February 2018), doi: 10.1128/JB.00757-17.


LukeBerry L, Poudel S, Tokmina-Lukaszewska M, Colman DRNguyen DMNSchut GJ, Adams MWWPeters JW,  Boyd ES, Bothner B.

H/D exchange mass spectrometry and statistical coupling analysis reveal a role for allostery in a ferredoxin-dependent bifurcating transhydrogenase catalytic cycle

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. (January 2018) doi: 10.1016/j.bbagen.2017.10.002



Artz JH, Zadvornyy OA, Mulder DW, King PW, Peters JW.

Structural Characterization of Poised States in the Oxygen Sensitive Hydrogenases and Nitrogenases.

Methods Enzymol. August 2017) 595:213-259. doi: 10.1016/bs.mie.2017.07.005.
Epub 2017 Aug 21. Review. PubMed PMID: 28882202.


Lubner CE & Peters JW.

Electron Bifurcation Makes the Puzzle Pieces Fall Energetically into Place in Methanogenic Energy Conservation.

ChemBioChem. (December 5, 2017) doi:10.1002/cbic.201700533


Garcia Costas AM,  Poudel S Miller AF,  Schut GJ,  Ledbetter RN,  Fixen KR, Seefeldt LC,  Adams MWW, Harwood CS, Boyd ES & Peters JW.

Defining Electron Bifurcation in the Electron-Transferring Flavoprotein Family.

Journal of Bacteriology. (November 2017) doi:10.1128/JB.00440-17


Zhang P, Yuly JL, Lubner CE, Mulder DW, King PW, Peters JW, Beratan DN.

Electron Bifurcation: Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Two-Electron Brokering in Biological Redox Chemistry.

Accounts of chemical research. (September 2017) doi: 10.1021/acs.accounts.7b00327


Barney BM, Plunkett MH, Natarajan V, Mus F, Knutson CM, & Peters JW.

 Transcriptional Analysis of an Ammonium-Excreting strain of Azotobacter vinelandii Deregulated for Nitrogen Fixation.

Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (Aug  


Pence N,  Tokmina-Lukaszewska M, Yang ZY, Ledbetter RN, Seefeldt LC, Bothner B, & Peters JW.

 Unraveling the interactions of the physiological reductant flavodoxin with the different conformations of the Fe protein in the nitrogenase cycle.

 Journal of  Biological Chemistry. (Aug 7, 2017)  doi: 10.1074/jbc.M117.801548


Mus F, Eilers BJ, Alleman AB, Kabasakal BV, Wells JN, Murray JW,  Nocek BP,  DuBois JL & Peters JW.

Structural Basis for the Mechanism of ATP-Dependent Acetone Carboxylation.

Scientific Reports 7, Article number: 7234 (Aug 3, 2017)  doi:10.1038/s41598-017-06973-8


Therien JB, Artz JH, Poudel S, Hamilton TL, Liu Z, Noone SM, Adams MWW, King PW, Bryant DA, Boyd ES, Peters JW.

 The physiological functions and structural determinants of catalytic bias in the [FeFe]-hydrogenases CpI and CpII of Clostridium pasteurianum strain W5.Frontiers in Microbiology.

2017 doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.01305


Artz JH, Mulder DW, Ratzloff MW, Lubner CE, Zadvornyy OA, LeVan AX, Williams SG, Adams MWW, Jones AK, King PW, Peters JW.

The reduction potentials of [FeFe]-hydrogenase accessory iron-sulfur clusters provide insights into the energetics of proton reduction catalysis.

J Am Chem Soc. 2017 Jun 21. doi: 10.1021/jacs.7b02099. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 28635269


Mus F, Tseng A, Dixon R, Peters JW.

Diazotrophic Growth Allows Azotobacter vinelandii To Overcome the Deleterious Effects of a glnE Deletion.

Appl Environ Microbiol. 2017 Jun 16;83(13). pii: e00808-17. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00808-17. Print 2017 Jul 1. PMID: 28432097

Lubner CE, Jennings DP, Mulder DW, Schut GJ, Zadvornyy OA, Hoben JP, Tokmina-Lukaszewska M, Berry L, Nguyen DM, Lipscomb GL, Bothner B, Jones AK, Miller AF, King PW, Adams MWW, Peters JW.

Mechanistic insights into energy conservation by flavin-based electron bifurcation.

Nat Chem Biol. 2017 Jun;13(6):655-659. doi: 10.1038/nchembio.2348. Epub 2017 Apr 10. PMID: 28394885


Mus F, Tseng A, Dixion R, Peters JW.

Diazotrophy overcomes the deleterious growth phenotype of glnE deletion in Azotobacter vinelandii. 

Applied and Enviromental Microbiology (April 21 2017) doi:10.1128/AEM.00808-17

AG Costas, DL Ragen, JW Peters.

Searching for Nitrogen-Fixing Microorganisms: An Original, Relevant, and Successful Early Research Experience.

The American Biology Teacher (March 2017). doi:10.1525/abt.2017.79.3.191


Celis AI, Gauss GH, Streit BR, Shisler K, Moraski GC, Rodgers KR, Lukat-Rodgers GS, Peters JW, DuBois JL.

Structure-Based Mechanism for Oxidative Decarboxylation Reactions Mediated by Amino Acids and Heme Propionates in Coproheme Decarboxylase (HemQ).

J Am Chem Soc. 2017 Feb 8;139(5):1900-1911. doi: 10.1021/jacs.6b11324. Epub 2017 Jan 27. PMID: 27936663




Prussia GA, Gauss GH, Mus F, Conner L, DuBois JL, Peters JW.
Substitution of a conserved catalytic dyad into 2-KPCC causes loss of carboxylation activity.
FEBS Lett. 2016 Jul 22. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27447465.

Yang ZY, Ledbetter R, Shaw S, Pence N, Tokmina-Lukaszewska M, Eilers B, Guo Q, Pokhrel N, Cash VL, Dean DR, Antony E, Bothner B, Peters JW, Seefeldt LC.
Evidence That the Pi Release Event Is the Rate-Limiting Step in the Nitrogenase Catalytic Cycle.
Biochemistry. 2016 Jul 5;55(26):3625-35. PubMed PMID: 27295169.

Poudel S, Tokmina-Lukaszewska M, Colman DR, Refai M, Schut GJ, King PW, Maness PC, Adams MW, Peters JW, Bothner B, Boyd ES.
Unification of [FeFe]-hydrogenases into three structural and functional groups.
Biochim Biophys Acta. 2016 Sep;1860(9):1910-21. PubMed PMID: 27241847.

Shepard EM, Byer AS, Betz JN, Peters JW, Broderick JB.
A redox active [2Fe-2S] cluster on the hydrogenase maturase HydF.
Biochemistry. 2016 Jun 28;55(25):3514-27. PubMed PMID: 27232385.

Brown KA, Harris DF, Wilker MB, Rasmussen A, Khadka N, Hamby H, Keable S, Dukovic G, Peters JW, Seefeldt LC, King PW.
Light-driven dinitrogen reduction catalyzed by a CdS:nitrogenase MoFe protein biohybrid.
Science. 2016 Apr 22;352(6284):448-50. PubMed PMID: 27102481.

Mus F, Crook MB, Garcia K, Garcia Costas A, Geddes BA, Kouri ED, Paramasivan P, Ryu MH, Oldroyd GE, Poole PS, Udvardi MK, Voigt CA, Ané JM, Peters JW.
Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation and the Challenges to Its Extension to Nonlegumes.
Appl Environ Microbiol. 2016 Jun 13;82(13):3698-710. Review. PubMed PMID: 27084023

Peters JW, Miller AF, Jones AK, King PW, Adams MW.
Electron bifurcation.
Curr Opin Chem Biol. 2016 Mar 23;31:146-152. Review. PubMed PMID: 27016613.

Schut GJ, Zadvornyy O, Wu CH, Peters JW, Boyd ES, Adams MW.
The role of geochemistry and energetics in the evolution of modern respiratory complexes from
a proton-reducing ancestor.
Biochim Biophys Acta. 2016 Jan 22. pii:S0005-2728(16)30002-0. Review. PubMed PMID: 26808919.


Peters JW, Schut GJ, Boyd ES, Mulder DW, Shepard EM, Broderick JB, King PW, Adams MW.
[FeFe]- and [NiFe]-hydrogenase diversity, mechanism, and maturation.
Biochim Biophys Acta. 2015 Jun;1853(6):1350-1369. Review.

Artz JH, White SN, Zadvornyy OA, Fugate CJ, Hicks D, Gauss G, Posewitz M, Boyd ES, Peters JW
Biochemical and structural properties of a thermostable mercuric ion reductase from Metallosphaera sedula.
Front. Bioeng. Biotechnol. 2015 13;3:97.

Zadvornyy OA, Boyd ES, Posewitz MC, Zorin NA, Peters JW.
Biochemical and Structural Characterization of Enolase from Chloroflexus aurantiacus: Evidence for a Thermophilic Origin.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol. 2015 Jun 1;3:74.

Danyal K, Rasmussen AJ, Keable SM, Inglet BS, Shaw S, Zadvornyy OA, Duval S, Dean DR, Raugei S, Peters JW, Seefeldt LC.
Fe protein-independent substrate reduction by nitrogenase MoFe protein variants.
Biochemistry. 2015 Apr 21;54(15):2456-62.

Urschel MR, Kubo MD, Hoehler TM, Peters JW, Boyd ES.
Carbon source preference in chemosynthetic hot spring communities.
Appl Environ Microbiol. 2015 Jun 1;81(11):3834-47.

Boyd ES, Costas AM, Hamilton TL, Mus F, Peters JW.
Evolution of molybdenum nitrogenase during the transition from anaerobic to aerobic metabolism.
J Bacteriol. 2015 May;197(9):1690-9.

Betz JN, Boswell NW, Fugate CJ, Holliday GL, Akiva E, Scott AG, Babbitt PC, Peters JW, Shepard EM, Broderick JB.
[FeFe]-hydrogenase maturation: insights into the role HydE plays in dithiomethylamine biosynthesis.
Biochemistry. 2015 Mar 10;54(9):1807-18.

Geddes BA, Ryu MH, Mus F, Garcia Costas A, Peters JW, Voigt CA, Poole P.
Use of plant colonizing bacteria as chassis for transfer of N2-fixation to cereals.
Curr Opin Biotechnol. 2015 Apr;32:216-22. Review.

Byer AS, Shepard EM, Peters JW, Broderick JB.
Radical S-adenosyl-L-methionine chemistry in the synthesis of hydrogenase and nitrogenase metal cofactors.
J Biol Chem. 2015 Feb 13;290(7):3987-94.

Swanson KD, Ratzloff MW, Mulder DW, Artz JH, Ghose S, Hoffman A, White S, Zadvornyy OA, Broderick JB, Bothner B, King PW, Peters JW.
[FeFe]-hydrogenase oxygen inactivation is initiated at the H cluster 2Fe subcluster.
J Am Chem Soc. 2015 Feb 11;137(5):1809-16

Byer AS, Shepard EM, Peters JW, Broderick JB.
Radical S-Adenosyl-L-methionine Chemistry in the Synthesis of Hydrogenase and Nitrogenase Metal Cofactors.
J Biol Chem. 2015 Feb 13;290(7):3987-94.


Cohen AE, Soltis SM, González A, Aguila L, Alonso-Mori R, Barnes CO, Baxter EL, Brehmer W, Brewster AS, Brunger AT, Calero G, Chang JF, Chollet M, Ehrensberger P, Eriksson TL, Feng Y, Hattne J, Hedman B, Hollenbeck M, Holton JM, Keable S, Kobilka BK, Kovaleva EG, Kruse AC, Lemke HT, Lin G, Lyubimov AY, Manglik A, Mathews II, McPhillips SE, Nelson S, Peters JW, Sauter NK, Smith CA, Song J, Stevenson HP, Tsai Y, Uervirojnangkoorn M, Vinetsky V, Wakatsuki S, Weis WI, Zadvornyy OA, Zeldin OB, Zhu D, Hodgson KO.
Goniometer-based femtosecond crystallography with X-ray free electron lasers.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014; 111(48):17122-7

Boyd ES, Hamilton TL, Swanson KD, Howells AE, Baxter BK, Meuser JE, Posewitz MC, Peters JW.
[FeFe]-Hydrogenase Abundance and Diversity along a Vertical Redox Gradient in Great Salt Lake, USA.
Int J Mol Sci. 2014; 15(12):21947-66

Peters JW, Schut GJ, Boyd ES, Mulder DW, Shepard EM, Broderick JB, King PW, Adams MW.
[FeFe]- and [NiFe]-hydrogenase diversity, mechanism, and maturation.
Biochim Biophys Acta. 2014; Nov 24. [Epub ahead of print]

Mulder DW, Ratzloff MW, Bruschi M, Greco C, Koonce E, Peters JW, King PW.
Investigations on the role of proton-coupled electron transfer in hydrogen activation by [FeFe]-hydrogenase.
J Am Chem Soc. 2014; 136(43):15394-402

Therien JB, Zadvornyy OA, Posewitz MC, Bryant DA, Peters JW.
Growth of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii in acetate-free medium when co-cultured with alginate-encapsulated, acetate-producing strains of Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002.
Biotechnol Biofuels. 2014; 7(1):154

Duffus BR, Ghose S, Peters JW, Broderick JB.
Reversible H atom abstraction catalyzed by the radical S-adenosylmethionine enzyme HydG.
J Am Chem Soc. 2014; 136(38):13086-9

Broderick JB, Byer AS, Duschene KS, Duffus BR, Betz JN, Shepard EM, Peters JW.
H-Cluster assembly during maturation of the [FeFe]-hydrogenase.
J Biol Inorg Chem.; 19(6):747-57

Shepard EM, Mus F, Betz JN, Byer AS, Duffus BR, Peters JW, Broderick JB.
[FeFe]-hydrogenase maturation.
Biochemistry. 2014; 53(25):4090-104

Hamilton TL, Koonce E, Howells A, Havig JR, Jewell T, de la Torre JR, Peters JW, Boyd ES.
Competition for ammonia influences the structure of chemotrophic communities in geothermal springs.
Appl Environ Microbiol. 2014; 80(2):653-61

Heinemann J, Hamerly T, Maaty WS, Movahed N, Steffens JD, Reeves BD, Hilmer JK, Therien J, Grieco PA, Peters JW, Bothner B.
Expanding the paradigm of thiol redox in the thermophilic root of life.
Biochim Biophys Acta. 2014; 1840(1):80-5

D’Adamo S, Jinkerson RE, Boyd ES, Brown SL, Baxter BK, Peters JW, Posewitz MC.
Evolutionary and biotechnological implications of robust hydrogenase activity in halophilic strains of Tetraselmis.
PLoS One. 2014; 9(1):e85812


Boyd ES, Peters JW.
New insights into the evolutionary history of biological nitrogen fixation.
Front Microbiol. 2013 Aug 5;4:201.

Hamilton TL, Peters JW, Skidmore ML, Boyd ES.
Molecular evidence for an active endogenous microbiome beneath glacial ice.
ISME J. 2013 7(7):1402-12

Mulder DW, Ratzloff MW, Shepard EM, Byer AS, Noone SM, Peters JW, Broderick JB, King PW.
EPR and FTIR Analysis on the Mechanism of H2 Activation by [FeFe]-Hydrogenase HydA1 from Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
JACS. 2013 135(18):6921-9

Mitra D, George SJ, Guo Y, Kamali S, Keable S, Peters JW, Pelmenschikov V, Case DA, Cramer SP.
Characterization of [4Fe-4S] Cluster Vibrations and Structure in Nitrogenase Fe Protein at Three Oxidation Levels via Combined NRVS, EXAFS, and DFT Analyses.
J Am Chem Soc. 2013, 135(7):2530-43

Meuser JE, Baxter BK, Spear JR, Peters JW, Posewitz MC, Boyd ES.
Contrasting Patterns of Community Assembly in the Stratified Water Column of Great Salt Lake, Utah
Microb Ecol. 2013, 66(2):268


T.L. Hamilton, K. Vogl, D.A. Bryant, E.S. Boyd, J.W. Peters, “Environmental constraints defining the distribution, composition, and evolution of chlorophototrophs in thermal features of Yellowstone National Park,” Geobiology 10(3):236-49 (2012)

Joshi N, Shepard EM, Byer AS, Swanson KD, Broderick JB, Peters JW. “Iron-sulfur cluster coordination in the [FeFe]-hydrogenase H cluster biosynthetic factor HydF” , FEBS Lett. 586(22):3939-43

Duffus BR, Hamilton TL, Shepard EM, Boyd ES, Peters JW, Broderick JB. Radical  AdoMet enzymes in complex metal cluster biosynthesis. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1824(11):1254-63 (2012)

Schut GJ, Boyd ES, Peters JW, Adams MW. The modular respiratory complexes involved in hydrogen and sulfur metabolism by heterotrophic hyperthermophilic archaea and their evolutionary implications. FEMS Microbiol Rev. Jun 19. doi: 10.1111/j.1574-6976.2012.00346.x. Epub ahead of print (2012)

Peters JW, Broderick JB. Emerging paradigms for complex iron-sulfur cofactor assembly and insertion. Annu Rev Biochem. 81:429-50 (2012)

Boyd ES, Fecteau KM, Havig JR, Shock EL, Peters JW. Modeling the habitat range of phototrophs in yellowstone national park: toward the development of a comprehensive fitness landscape. Front Microbiol. 3:221 (2012)

Zadvornyy OA, Lucon JE, Gerlach R, Zorin NA, Douglas T, Elgren TE, Peters JW. Photo-induced H2 production by [NiFe]-hydrogenase from T. roseopersicina covalently linked to a Ru(II) photosensitizer. J Inorg Biochem. 106(1):151-5 (2012)

Kofoed MA, Wampler DA, Pandey AS, Peters JW, Ensign SA. Roles of the redox-active disulfide and histidine residues forming a catalytic dyad in reactions catalyzed by 2-ketopropyl coenzyme M oxidoreductase/carboxylase. J Bacteriol. 193(18):4904-13 (2011)

Cornish AJ, Gärtner K, Yang H, Peters JW, Hegg EL. Mechanism of proton transfer in [FeFe]-hydrogenase from Clostridium pasteurianum. J Biol Chem. 286(44):38341-7 (2011)

T.L. Hamilton, K. Vogl, D.A. Bryant, E.S. Boyd, and J.W. Peters “Environmental constraints defining the distribution, composition, and evolution of chlorophototrophs in thermal features of Yellowstone National Park” Geobiology – Submitted (2011)

Hamilton TL, Jacobson M, Ludwig M, Boyd ES, Bryant DA, Dean DR, Peters JW. Differential accumulation of nif structural gene mRNA in Azotobacter vinelandii.  J Bacteriol. 193(17):4534-6 (2011)

Hamilton TL, Ludwig M, Dixon R, Boyd ES, Dos Santos PC, Setubal JC, Bryant DA, Dean DR, Peters JW. Transcriptional profiling of nitrogen fixation in Azotobacter vinelandii. J Bacteriol. 193(17):4477-86 (2011)

Mulder DW, Shepard EM, Meuser JE, Joshi N, King PW, Posewitz MC, Broderick JB, Peters JW. Insights into [FeFe]-hydrogenase structure, mechanism, and maturation. Structure 19(8):1038-52 (2011)

Boyd ES, Lange RK, Mitchell AC, Havig JR, Hamilton TL, Lafrenière MJ, Shock EL, Peters JW, Skidmore M. Diversity, abundance, and potential activity of nitrifying and nitrate-reducing microbial assemblages in a subglacial ecosystem. Appl Environ Microbiol. 77(14):4778-87 (2011)

Meuser JE, Boyd ES, Ananyev G, Karns D, Radakovits R, Narayana Murthy UM, Ghirardi ML, Dismukes GC, Peters JW, Posewitz MC. Evolutionary significance of an algal gene encoding an [FeFe]-hydrogenase with F-domain homology and hydrogenase  activity inChlorella variabilis NC64A. Planta 234(4):829-43 (2011)

E.S. Boyd, A.D. Anbar, S. Miller, T.L. Hamilton, M. Lavin, and J.W. Peters “A late methanogen origin for molybdenum-dependent nitrogenase” Geobiology 9:221-232 (2011) – highlighted in Science as Editor’s Choice

Hamilton TL, Lange RK, Boyd ES, Peters JW. Biological nitrogen fixation in acidic high-temperature geothermal springs in Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming. Environ Microbiol. 13(8):2204-15 (2011)

Pandey AS, Mulder DW, Ensign SA, Peters JW. Structural basis for carbon dioxide binding by 2-ketopropyl coenzyme M oxidoreductase/carboxylase. FEBS Lett. 585(3):459-64 (2011)

E.M. Shepard, E.S. Boyd, J.B. Broderick, and J.W. Peters “Biosynthesis of complex iron-sulfur enzymes” Curr. Opin. Struct. Biol. 15:319-327 (2011)

J.W. Peters, L.M. Rubio “Biochemistry of Mo-nitrogenase” in The Molecular Basis of the Nitrogen Cycle (ed. J. Moir) Horizon Scientific Press In press (2011)

D.W. Mulder and J.W. Peters “Nucleotide-dependent conformational change and complex interactions in nitrogenase” in Methods in Nitrogen Fixation (ed. by M.W. Ribbe) Springer/Humana Press In press (2011)

Mulder DW, Peters JW. Small angle x-ray scattering spectroscopy. Methods Mol

Biol. 766:177-189 (2011)

Boyd ES, Hamilton TL, Peters JW. An alternative path for the evolution of biological nitrogen fixation. Front Microbiol. 2:205 (2011)

J.W. Peters, E.S. Boyd, S. D’Adamo, D.W. Mulder, J. Therien, and M.C. Posewitz “Hydrogenases, nitrogenases, anoxia, and H2 production in water-oxidizing phototrophs” in Algae for Biofuels and Energy(ed.M.A. Borowitzka) Springer/Humana Press In press (2011)

Hamilton TL, Boyd ES, Peters JW. Environmental constraints underpin the distribution and phylogenetic diversity of nifH in the Yellowstone geothermal complex. Microb Ecol. 2011 61(4):860-70 (2011)

K.D. Swanson, B.R. Duffus, T.E. Beard, J.W. Peters, and J.B. Broderick “Cyanide and carbon monoxide ligand formation in hydrogenase biosynthesis” Epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1002/ejic.201001056 (2011) – included inside cover art.

J.M. Boyd, J.A. Endrizzi, T.L. Hamilton, D.M. Downs, and J.W. Peters “FAD binding by ApbE protein from Salmonella enterica: a new class of flavoproteins” J. Bacteriol. 193:887-895 (2011)

D.W. Mulder, A.S. Pandey, S.A. Ensign, and J.W. Peters “Carbon dioxide binding and redox dependent substrate activation at the active site of 2-ketopropyl coenzyme M oxidoreductase/carboxylase” FEBS Lett. 585:459-464 (2011)


I.I. Brown, D.A. Bryant, D. Casamatta, K.L. Thomas-Keprta, S.A. Sarkisova, G. Shen, J.E. Graham, E.S. Boyd, J.W. Peters, D.H. Garrison, and D.S. McKay “Polyphasic characterization of a thermotolerant siderophilic filamentous cyanobacterium that produces intracellular iron deposits” Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 76:6664-6672 (2010)

D.A. Sliwa, A.M. Krishnakumar, J.W. Peters, and S.A. Ensign “Molecular basis for enantioselectivity in the (R)- and (S) hydroxypropylthioethanesulfonate dehydrogenases, a unique pair of stereoselective short-chain dehydrogenases/reductases involved in aliphatic epoxide carboxylation” Biochemistry49:248-251 (2010)

Zadvornyy, O; Barrows, AM; Zorin, NA; Peters, JW; Elgren, TE. High level of hydrogen production activity achieved for hydrogenase encapsulated in sol–gel material doped with carbon nanotubes. J. Mater. Chem., 2010; 20: 1065–1067.

Shepard, EM; Duffus, BR; George, SJ; McGlynn, SE; Challand, MR; Swanson, KD; Roach, PL; Cramer, SP; Peters, JW; Broderick, JB. [FeFe]-Hydrogenase Maturation: HydG-Catalyzed Synthesis of Carbon Monoxide. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010; 132: 9247-9249.

Boyd, ES; Hamilton, TL; Spear, JR; Lavin, M; Peters, JW. [FeFe]-hydrogenase in Yellowstone National Park: evidence for dispersal limitation and phylogenetic niche conservatism. ISME J. 2010; 4: 1485-1495.

Shepard, EM; McGlynn, SE; Bueling, AL; Grady-Smith, CS; George, SJ; Winslow, MA; Cramer, SP; Peters, JW; Broderick, JB. Synthesis of the 2Fe subcluster of the [FeFe]-hydrogenase H cluster on the HydF scaffold. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 2010; 107: 10448-10453.

Mulder, DW; Boyd, ES; Sarma, R; Lange, RK; Endrizzi, JA; Broderick, JB; Peters, JW. Stepwise [FeFe]-hydrogenase H-cluster assembly revealed in the structure of HydA(DeltaEFG). Nature 2010; 465: 248-251.

Sliwa, DA; Krishnakumar, AM; Peters, JW; Ensign, SA. Molecular basis for enantioselectivity in the (R)- and (S)-hydroxypropylthioethanesulfonate dehydrogenases, a unique pair of stereoselective short-chain dehydrogenases/reductases involved in aliphatic epoxide carboxylation. Biochemistry2010; 49: 3487-3498.

Soboh, B; Boyd, ES; Zhao, D; Peters, JW; Rubio, LM. Substrate specificity and evolutionary implications of a NifDK enzyme carrying NifB-co at its active site. FEBS Lett. 2010; 584: 1487-1492.

Driesener, RC; Challand, MR; McGlynn, SE; Shepard, EM; Boyd, ES; Broderick, JB; Peters, JW; Roach, PL. [FeFe]-hydrogenase cyanide ligands derived from S-adenosylmethionine-dependent cleavage of tyrosine. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 2010; 49: 1687-1690.

Sarma, R; Barney, BM; Keable, S; Dean, DR; Seefeldt, LC; Peters, JW. Insights into substrate binding at FeMo-cofactor in nitrogenase from the structure of an alpha-70(Ile) MoFe protein variant. J. Inorg. Biochem. 2010; 104: 385-389.

Zadvornyy, OA; Allen, M; Brumfield, SK; Varpness, Z; Boyd, ES; Zorin, NA; Serebriakova, L; Douglas, T; Peters, JW. Hydrogen enhances nickel tolerance in the purple sulfur bacterium Thiocapsa roseopersicinaEnviron. Sci. Technol. 2010; 44: 834-840.

McGlynn, SE; Boyd, ES; Shepard, EM; Lange, RK; Gerlach, R; Broderick, JB; Peters, JW. Identification and characterization of a novel member of the radical AdoMet enzyme superfamily and implications for the biosynthesis of the Hmd hydrogenase active site cofactor. J. Bacteriol. 2010; 192: 595-598.

Beer, LL; Boyd, ES; Peters, JW; Posewitz, MC. Engineering algae for biohydroen and biofuel production. Curr. Opin. Biotechnol. 2009; 20: 264-271.

Mulder, DW; Ortillo, DO; Gardenghi, DJ; Naumov, AV; Ruebush, SS; Szilagyi, RK; Huynh B; Broderick, JB; Peters, JW. Activation of HydA∆EFG requires a preformed [4Fe-4S] cluster. Biochemistry 2009; 48: 6240-6248.

Boyd, ES; Spear, JR; Peters, JW. [FeFe] hydrogenase genetic diversity provides insight into molecular adaption in a saline microbial mat community. Appl. Environ. Microbiol.2009; 75: 4620-4623.

Mcglynn, SE; Mulder, DW; Shepard, SE; Broderick, JB; Peters, JW. Hydrogenase cluster biosynthesis: organometallic chemisty nature’s way. Dalton Trans. 2009; 4274-4285.

Peters, JW. Carbon monoxide and cyanide lignads in the active site of [FeFe]-hydrogeanse. In Metal ions in life sciences. Sigel, A; Sigel, H; Sigel, RKO; Eds. RSC Pub: 2009; 6, 179-218.


Sarma, R; Barney, BM; Hamilton, TL; Jones, A; Seefeldt, LC; Peters, JW. Crystal structure of the L protein of Rhodobacter sphaeroides light-independent protochlorophyllide reductase with MgADP bound: a homologue of the nitrogenase Fe protein. Biochemistry 2008; 47: 13004-13015.

Krishnakumar, AM; Sliwa, D; Endrizzi, JA; Boyd, ES; Ensign, SA; Peters, JW. Getting a handle on the role of coenzyme M in alkene metabolism. Microbiol. Mol. Biol. Rev.; 72: 445-456.

Posewitz, MC; Mulder, DW; Peters, JW. New Frontiers in Hydrogenase Structure and Biosynthesis. Current Chemical Biology 2008; 2: 178-199.

McGlynn, SE; Shepard, EM; Winslow, MA; Naumov, AV; Duschene, KS; Posewitz, MC; Broderick, WE; Broderick, WE; Broderick, JB; Peters, JW. HydF as a scaffold protein in [FeFe] hydrogenase H-cluster biosynthesis. FEBS Lett. 2008; 582: 2183-2187.

Pandey, AS; Harris, TV; Giles, LJ; Peters, JW; Szilagyi, RK. Dithiomethylether as a ligand in the hydrogenase h-cluster. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2008; 130: 4533-4540.

Sarma R; Mulder, DW; Brecht, E; Szilagy, RK; Seefeldt, LC; Tsuruta, H; Peters, JW. Probing the MgATP-bound conformation of the nitrogenase Fe protein by solution small-angle X-ray scattering. Biochemistry 2007; 46: 14058-14066.

Peters, JW; Bothner, B; Kelly, S. Unfolding the mystery of protein stability. Yellowstone Sci 2007.

McGlynn, SE; Ruebush, SS; Naumov, A; Nagy, LE; Dubini, A; King, PW; Broderick, JB; Posewitz, MC; Peters, JW. In vitro activation of [FeFe] hydrogenase: new insights into hydrogenase maturation. J. Biol. Inorg. Chem. 2007; 12: 443-447.

Sen, S; Peters, JW. The thermal adaptation of the nitrogenase Fe protein from thermophilic Methanobacter thermoautotrophicusProteins 2006; 62: 450-460.

Peters, JW; Szilagyi, RK; Naumov, A; Douglas, T,. A radical solution for the biosynthesis of the H-cluster of hydrogenase. FEBS Lett. 2006; 580: 363-367.

Pandey, AS; Nocek, B; Clark, DD; Ensign, SA; Peters, JW. Mechanistic implications of the structure of the mixed-disulfide intermediate of the disulfide oxidoreductase, 2-ketopropyl-coenzyme M oxidoreductase/carboxylase. Biochemistry 2006; 45: 113-120.

Steunou, AS; Bhaya, D; Bateson, MM; Melendrez, MC; Ward, DM; Brecht, E; Peters, JW; Kuhl, M; Grossman, AR. In situ analysis of nitrogen fixation and metabolic switching in unicellular thermophilic cyanobacteria inhabiting hot spring microbial mats. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 2006; 103: 2398-2403.

Peters, JW; Szilagyi, RK. Exploring new frontiers of nitrogenase structure and mechanism. Curr. Opin. Chem. Biol. 2006; 10: 101-108.

Sen, S; Krishnakumar, A; McClead, J; Johnson, MK; Seefeldt, LC; Szilagyi, RK;

Peters, JW. Insights into the role of nucleotide-dependent conformational change in nitrogenase catalysis: Structural characterization of the nitrogenase Fe protein Leu127 deletion variant with bound MgATP. J. Inorg. Biochem. 2006; 100: 1041-1052.

Krishnakumar, AM; Nocek, BP; Clark, DD; Ensign, SA; Peters, JW. Structural basis for stereoselectivity in the (R)- and (S)-hydroxypropylthioethanesulfonate dehydrogenases.Biochemistry 2006; 45: 8831-8840.

Schwab, DE; Tard, C; Brecht, E; Peters, JW; Pickett, CJ; Szilagyi, RK. On the electronic structure of the hydrogenase H-cluster. Chem. Commun. 2006: 3696-3698.


Sen, S; Peters, JW. The role of MgATP in nitrogenase catalysis In Proceedings of the 14th International Nitrogen Fixation Congress, 2005.

Copik, AJ; Nocek, BP; Swierczek, SI; Ruebush, S; Jang, SB; Meng, L; D’Souza V, M; Peters, JW; Bennett, B; Holz, RC. EPR and X-ray crystallographic characterization of the product-bound form of the MnII-loaded methionyl aminopeptidase from Pyrococcus furiosusBiochemistry 2005; 44: 121-129.

Girbal, L; von Abendroth, G; Winkler, M; Benton, PM; Meynial-Salles, I; Croux, C; Peters, JW; Happe, T; Soucaille, P. Homologous and heterologous overexpression in Clostridium acetobutylicum and characterization of purified clostridial and algal Fe-only hydrogenases with high specific activities. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 2005; 71: 2777-27781.

Elgren, TE; Zadvorny, OA; Brecht, E; Douglas, T; Zorin, NA; Maroney, MJ; Peters, JW. Immobilization of active hydrogenases by encapsulation in polymeric porous gels. Nano Lett. 2005; 5: 2085-2087.

Varpness, Z; Peters, JW; Young, M; Douglas, T. Biomimetic synthesis of a H2 catalyst using a protein cage architecture. Nano Lett. 2005; 5: 2306-2309.

Benton, PMC; Peters, JW. Nitrogenase structures. In Nitrogen Fixation, Smith, B. E.; Richards, R., Eds. Kluwer: 2004; pp 77-96.

Nocek, B; Boyd, J; Ensign, SA; Peters, JW. Crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis of an acetone carboxylase from Xanthobacter autotrophicus strain Py2. Acta Crystallogr. D. Biol. Crystallogr. 2004; 60: 385-387.

Sen, S; Igarashi, R; Smith, A; Johnson, MK; Seefeldt, LC; Peters, JW. A

conformational mimic of the MgATP-bound “on state” of the nitrogenase iron protein.Biochemistry 2004; 43: 1787-1797.

Jang, SB; Jeong, MS; Seefeldt, LC; Peters, JW. Structural and biochemical implications of single amino acid substitutions in the nucleotide-dependent switch regions of the nitrogenase Fe protein from Azotobacter vinelandiiJ. Biol. Inorg. Chem. 2004; 9: 1028-1033.


Swierczek, K; Peters, JW; Hengge, AC. A convenient synthesis of phosphonothioic acids.Tetrahedron 2003; 59: 595-599.

Drennan, CL; Peters, JW. Surprising cofactors in metalloenzymes. Curr. Opin. Struct. Biol. 2003; 13: 220-226.

Swierczek, K; Pandey, AS; Peters, JW; Hengge, AC. A comparison of phosphonothioic acids with phosphonic acids as phosphatase inhibitors. J. Med. Chem. 2003; 46: 3703-3708.

Benton, PMC; Peters, JW. Nitrogenase structures. In Nitrogen Fixation at the Millenium, Leigh, G. L., Ed. Elsevier: 2002.

Peters, JW. A trio of transition metals in anaerobic CO2 fixation. Science 2002; 298: 552-553.

Chen, Z; Lemon, BJ; Huang, S; Swartz, DJ; Peters, JW; Bagley, KA. Infrared studies of the CO-inhibited form of the Fe-only hydrogenase from Clostridium pasteurianum I: examination of its light sensitivity at cryogenic temperatures. Biochemistry 2002; 41: 2036-2043.

Nocek, B; Clark, DD; Ensign, SA; Peters, JW. Crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis of an R-2-hydroxypropyl-coenzyme M dehydrogenase. Acta Crystallogr. D. Biol. Crystallogr. 2002; 58: 1470-1473.

Nocek, B; Jang, SB; Jeong, MS; Clark, DD; Ensign, SA; Peters, JW. Structural basis for CO2 fixation by a novel member of the disulfide oxidoreductase family of enzymes, 2-ketopropyl-coenzyme M oxidoreductase/carboxylase. Biochemistry 2002; 41: 12907-12913.


Lemon, BJ; Peters, JW. Fe-only hydrogenases. In Handbook of Metalloproteins, Messerschmidt, A.; Huber, R.; Poulos, T.; Weighardt, K., Eds. 2001

pp 738-750.

Chiu, H; Peters, JW; Lanzilotta, WN; Ryle, MJ; Seefeldt, LC; Howard, JB; Rees, DC. MgATP-Bound and nucleotide-free structures of a nitrogenase protein complex between the Leu 127 Delta-Fe-protein and the MoFe-protein. Biochemistry 2001; 40: 641-650.

Jang, SB; Jeong, MS; Clark, DD; Ensign, SA; Peters, JW. Crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis of a NADPH 2-ketopropyl-coenzyme M oxidoreductase/carboxylase. Acta Crystallogr. D. Biol. Crystallogr. 2001; 57: 445-447.

Sorlie, M; Christiansen, J; Lemon, BJ; Peters, JW; Dean, DR; Hales, BJ. Mechanistic features and structure of the nitrogenase alpha-Gln195 MoFe protein. Biochemistry2001; 40: 1540-1549.

Jang, SB; Seefeldt, LC; Peters, JW. Modulating the midpoint potential of the [4Fe-4S] cluster of the nitrogenase Fe protein. Biochemistry 2000; 39: 641-648.

Nicolet, Y; Lemon, BJ; Fontecilla-Camps, JC; Peters, JW. A novel FeS cluster in Fe-only hydrogenases. Trends Biochem. Sci. 2000; 25: 138-143.

Bennett, B; Lemon, BJ; Peters, JW. Reversible carbon monoxide binding and inhibition at the active site of the Fe-only hydrogenase. Biochemistry 2000; 39: 7455-7460.

Jang, SB; Seefeldt, LC; Peters, JW. Insights into nucleotide signal transduction in nitrogenase: structure of an iron protein with MgADP bound. Biochemistry 2000; 39: 14745-14752.


Peters, JW; Bellamy, HD. Extension of Fe MAD phases in the structure determination of a multiple [FeS] cluster containing hydrogenase. J. Appl. Crystallogr. 1999; 32: 1180-1182.

Lemon, BJ; Peters, JW. Binding of exogenously added carbon monoxide at the active site of the iron-only hydrogenase (CpI) from Clostridium pasteurianumBiochemistry1999; 38: 12969-12973.

Peters, JW. Structure and mechanism of iron-only hydrogenases. Curr. Opin. Struct. Biol. 1999; 9: 670-676.

Peters, JW; Lanzilotta, WN; Lemon, BJ; Seefeldt, LC. X-ray crystal structure of the Fe-only hydrogenase (CpI) from Clostridium pasteurianum to 1.8 angstrom resolution.Science 1998; 282: 1853-1858.

Peters, JW; Stowell, MH; Soltis, SM; Finnegan, MG; Johnson, MK; Rees, DC. Redox-dependent structural changes in the nitrogenase P-cluster. Biochemistry 1997; 36: 1181-1187.

Peters, JW. A brief overview of nitrogenase structure and function. Life Support and Biosphere Science 1996; 3: 175-181.

Stowell, MHB; Soltis, SM; Kisker, C; Peters, JW; Schindelin, H; Rees, DC; Cascio, D; Beamer, L; Hart, PJ; Wiener, MC; Whitby, FG. A simple device for studying macromolecular crystals under moderate gas pressures (0.1-10 MPa). J. Appl. Crystallogr. 1996; 29: 608-613.

Peters, JW; Stowell, MH; Rees, DC. A leucine-rich repeat variant with a novel repetitive protein structural motif. Nat. Struct. Biol. 1996; 3: 991-994.


Peters, JW; Fisher, K; Dean, DR. Nitrogenase structure and function: a biochemical-genetic perspective. Annu. Rev. Microbiol 1995; 49: 335-366.

Peters, JW; Fisher, K; Newton, WE; Dean, DR. Involvement of the P cluster in intramolecular electron transfer within the nitrogenase MoFe protein. J. Biol. Chem.1995; 270: 27007-27013.

Peters, JW; Fisher, K; Dean, DR. Identification of a nitrogenase protein-protein interaction site defined by residues 59 through 67 within the Azotobacter vinelandii Fe protein. J. Biol. Chem. 1994; 269: 28076-28083.

Raybuck, SA; Ramer, SE; Abbanat, DR; Peters, JW; Ormejohnson, WH; Ferry, JG; Walsh, CT. Demonstration of carbon-carbon bond-cleavage of acetyl coenzyme-a by using isotopic exchange catalyzed by the Co dehydrogenase complex from acetate-grown methanosarcina-thermophila. J. Bacteriol. 1991; 173: 929-932.