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Research Psychology of Physical Activity


Bishop, S. R., Lau, M., Shapiro, S., Carlson, L., Anderson, N. D., Carmody, J., Segal, Z.V., Abbey, S., Speca, M., Velting, D., & Devins, G. (2004). Mindfulness: A proposed operational definition. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11(3), 230-241.

Boudette, R. (2006). Question & answer: Yoga in the treatment of disordered eating and body image disturbance: How can the practice of yoga be helpful in the recovery from an eating disorder? Eating Disorders, 14, 167-170.

Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2003). The benefits of being present: Mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(4), 822-848.

Calogero, R. M. (2009). Objectification processes and disordered eating in British women and men. Journal of Health Psychology, 14(3), 394-402.

Carei, T.R., Fyfe-Johnson, A.L., Breuner, C.C., & Brown, M.A. (2010). Randomized controlled clinical trial of yoga in the treatment of eating disorders. Journal of Adolescent Health, 46, 346-351.

Daniel, S., Bridges, S.K., & Martens, M.P. (2014). The development and validation of the male assessment of self-objectification (MASO). Psychology of Men and Masculinity, 15(1), 78-89.

Daubenmier, J.J. (2005). The relationship of yoga, body awareness, and body responsiveness to self-objectification and disordered eating. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 29, 207-219.

Delaney, K. & Anthis, K. (2010). Is Women’s Participation in Different Types of Yoga Classes Associated with Different Levels of Body Awareness Satisfaction? International Journal of Yoga Therapy, 1(1), 62-71.

Dittman, K.A. & Freedman, M.R. (2009). Body awareness, eating attitudes, and spiritual beliefs of women practicing yoga. Eating Disorders, 17, 273-292.

Flaherty, M. (2014). Influence of yoga on body image satisfaction in men. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 119(1), 203-214.

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Fredrickson, B.L., Roberts, T., Noll, S.M., Quinn, D.M., & Twenge, J.M. (1998). That swimsuit becomes you: Sex differences in self-objectification, restrained eating, and math performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75(1), 269-284.

Furnham, A., Badmin, N., & Sneade, I. (2002). Body image dissatisfaction: Gender differences in eating attitudes, self-esteem, and reasons for exercise. The Journal of Psychology, 136(6), 581-596.

Gard, T., Brach, N., Hözel, B.K., Noggle, J.J., Conboy, L.A., & Lazar, S.W. (2012). Effects of a yoga-based intervention for young adults on quality of life and perceived stress: The potential mediating roles of mindfulness and self-compassion. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 7(3), 165-175.

Georgiadis, M., Biddle, S., & Chatzisarantis, N. (2001). The mediating role of self-determination in the relationship between goal orientations and physical self-worth in Greek exercisers. European Journal of Sport Science, 1(5), 1-9.

Greenleaf, C. (2005). Self-objectification among physically active women. Sex Roles, 52, 51-62. doi:

Godsey, J. (2013). The role of mindfulness based interventions in the treatment of obesity and eating disorders: An integrative review. Complementary therapies in medicine, 21(4), 430-439.

Hausenblas, H.A. & Fallon, E.A. (2006). Execise and body image: A meta-analysis. Psychology and Health, 21(1), 33-47.

Hayes, S.C., Strosahl, K.D., & Wilson, K.G. (2011). Acceptance and commitment therapy: The process and practice of mindful change. New York, NY: Guilford.

Impett, E.A., Daubenmeir, J.J., & Hirschman, A.L. (2006). Minding the body: Yoga, embodiment, and well-being. Sexuality Research & Social Policy, 3(4), 39-48.

Impett, E.A., Henson, J.M., Breines, J.G., Schooler, D., & Tolman, D.L. (2011). Embodiment feels better: Girls’ body objectification and well-being across adolescence. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 35(1), 56-58.

Lox, C., Martin Ginis, K., & Petruzzello, S. J. (2010). Body image and exercise. The psychology of exercise: Integrating theory and practice (3rd ed., pp. 227-259). Scottsdale, AZ Holcomb Hathaway.

Marsh, H.W. (1996). Physical self description questionnaire: Stability and discriminant validity. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 67(3), 249-264.

Martin Ginis, K.A., McEwan, D., Josse, A.R., & Phillips, S.M. (2012). Body image change in obese and overweight women enrolled in a weight-loss intervention: The importance of perceived versus actual physical changes. Body Image, 9, 311-317.

Martin Ginis, K.A., Strong, H.A., Arent, S.M., Bray, S.R., & Bassett-Gunter, R.L. (2014). The effects of aerobic- versus strength-training on body image among young women with pre-existing body image concerns. Body Image, 11, 219-227.

McKinley, N. M. (1998). Gender differences in undergraduates’ body esteem: The mediating effect of objectified body consciousness and actual/ideal weight discrepancy. Sex Roles, 39(1-2), 113-123.

McKinley, N.M. & Hyde, J.S. (1996). The objectified body consciousness scale: Development and validation. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 20, 181-215.

Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2014). Yoga and eating disorders: Is there a place for yoga in the prevention and treatment of eating disorders and disordered eating behaviours? Advances in Eating Disorders: Theory, Research and Practice, 2(2),136-145.

Parent, M.C. & Moradi, B. (2011). His biceps become him: A test of objectification theory’s application to drive muscularity and propensity for steroid use in college men. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58(2), 246-256.

Prichard, I., & Tiggemann, M. (2005). Objectification in fitness centers: Self-objectification, body dissatisfaction, and disordered eating in aerobic instructors and aerobic participants. Sex Roles, 53(1/2), 19-28.

Prichard, I., & Tiggemann, M. (2008). Relations among exercise type, self-objectification, and body image in the fitness centre environment: The role of reasons for exercise. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 9, 855-866. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2007.10.005

Prichard, I., & Tiggemann, M. (2012). The effect of simultaneous exercise and exposure to thin-ideal music videos on women’s state of self-objectification, mood and body satisfaction. Sex Roles, 67, 201-210.

Ranjbar, Z., Moghddam, A., & Pasand, F. (2014). A comparative study of the impacts of strength training and yoga on female students’ body awareness. International Journal of Biology, Pharmacy, and Allied Sciences, 3(8), 1942-1953.

Reel, J.J., Greenleaf, C., Baker, W.K., Aragon, S., Bishop, D., Cachaper, C., Handwerk, P., Locicero, J., Rathburn, L., Reid, W.K., & Hattie, J.(2007). Relations of body concerns and exercise behavior: A meta-analysis. Psychological Reports, 101, 927-942.

Riley, D. (2004). Hatha yoga and the treatment of illness. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 10, 20-21.

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physical education and exercise science (pp. 207-228). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

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Strelan, P., Mehaffey, S.J., & Tiggemann, M. (2003). Self-objectification and esteem in young women: The mediating role of exercise. Sex Roles, 48, 89-95.

Strelan, P. & Hargreaves, D. (2005). Reasons for exercise and body esteem: Men’s responses to self-objectification. Sex Roles, 53(7/8), 495-503.

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Williams, P. A., & Cash, T. F. (2001). Effects of a circuit weight training program on the body images of college students. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 30, 75-82.

Woodyard, C. (2011). Exploring the therapeutic effects of yoga and its ability to increase quality of life. International Journal of Yoga, 4(2), 49-54.


Psychology of Physical Activity Research Laboratory
Department of Educational Leadership, Sport Studies, and Educational/Counseling Psychology
Washington State University