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*SHOT Lab members in bold

Alison, A., Tiesman, H.M., Wong, I.S., Bernzweig, D., James, L., James, S.M., Navarro, K.M. & Patterson, D. (2022)
Working hours, sleep, and fatigue in the public safety sector: A scoping review of the research.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine.
doi: 10.1002/ajim.23407

Behneman, A., Berka, C., Stevens, R., Vila, B., Tan, V., Galloway, T., Johnson, R., & Raphael, G. (2012)
Neurotechnology to accelerate learning: during marksmanship training.
IEEE Pulse. 3(1), 60-63.
doi: 10.1109/MPUL.2011.2175641

Bigand, T., Bindler, R., James, L., Daratha, K., & Wilson, M. (2020)
BMI influences relationships among health factors for adults with persistent pain who use prescription opioids.
Nursing Outlook. 68(4) 440-448.
doi: 10.1016/j.outlook.2020.03.005

Charles, L.E., Slaven, J.E., Mnatsakanova, A., Ma, C., Violanti, J.M., Fekedulegn, D., Andrew, M.E., Vila, B., & Burchfiel, C.M. (2011)
Association of perceived stress with sleep duration and sleep quality in police officers.
International Journal of Emergency Mental Health. 13(4), 229-242.
PMID: 22900457

Forsman, P.M., Vila, B., Short, R.A., Mott, C.G., & Van Dongen, H.P.A. (2013)
Efficient driver drowsiness detection at moderate levels of drowsiness.
Accident Analysis and Prevention. 50, 341-350.
doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2012.05.005

Graaumans, M.J., Jackson, M.L., Belenky, G., Vila, B. & Van Dongen, H.P.A. (2010)
Time on task effect in reaction times during a simulated driving task.
Sleep-Wake Research in the Netherlands. 21, 73-76.

Gunzelmann, G., James, S. M., & Caldwell, J. (2019)
Basic and applied science interactions in fatigue understanding and risk mitigation.
In H. P. Van Dongen, P. Whitney, J. M. Hinson, K. A. Honn, & M. W. Chee (Eds.), Sleep Deprivation and Cognition,
Progress in Brain Research. 246, 177-204. Cambridge, MA: Academic Press.
doi: 10.1016/bs.pbr.2019.03.022

James, L. (2021)
Evolutionary Psychology and Policing: The Balance Between Aggression and Restraint.
Sage Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology, Sage Publications Ltd, London.

James, L. (2018)
The Stability of Implicit Racial Bias in Police Officers.
Police Quarterly. 21(1), 30–52.
doi: 10.1177/1098611117732974

James, L., Bindler, R., Todak, N. & Daratha, K. (2017)
The Impact of Weight Status on School Age Children’s Daytime Sleepiness.
Health Behavior and Policy Review. 4(5), 446-453(8)
doi: 10.14485/HBPR.4.5.4

James, L., Butterfield, P., & Tuell, E. (2019)
Nursing Students’ Sleep Patterns and Perceptions of Safe Practice During Their Entrée to Shift Work.
Workplace Health & Safety. 67(11), 547–553.
doi: 10.1177/2165079919867714

James, L., Caruso, C.C., & James, S.M. (2022)
Pilot test of NIOSH training for law enforcement on shift work and long work hours’.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 64(7).
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000002534

James, L., Elkins-Brown, N., Wilson, M., James, S.M., Dotson, E., Edwards, C.D., Wintersteen-Arleth, L., Stevens, K. & Butterfield, P., (2021)
The effects of three consecutive 12-hour shifts on cognition, sleepiness, and domains of nursing performance in day and night shift nurses: A quasi-experimental study.
International Journal of Nursing Studies. 123.
doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2021.104041

James, L., Goldstein, M.S., Lecy, P. & Mase, S. (2021)
Testing the impact of physiological stress response on police performance during critical job tasks,
Policing: An International Journal. 44(3), 405-417.
doi: 10.1108/PIJPSM-04-2020-0060

James, L. & James, S. (2019)
The Development and Testing of a Simulation-Based Implicit Bias Training Platform.
Police Chief, November 2019

James, L., & James, S.M. (2017)
Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) metrics: a novel method of measuring police performance during encounters with people in crisis.
Mental Health Addiction Research. 2(4), 2-4.
doi: 10.15761/MHAR.1000143

James, L. & James, S., Davis, R., & Dotson, E. (2019)
Using Interval-Level Metrics to Investigate Situational-, Suspect-, and Officer-Level Predictors of Police Performance During Encounters With the Public.
Police Quarterly. 22(4), 452–480.
doi: 10.1177/1098611119857559

James, L., James, S.M., & Hesketh, I. (2021)
Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Fatigue and Shift Working Risk Management Strategy for UK Home Office Police Forces: A Pilot Study.
International Journal of Emergency Services
doi: 10.1108/IJES-05-2021-0031 Early Online Access

James, L., James, S.M., & Vila, B. (2016)
The reverse racism effect: are cops more hesitant to shoot black suspects?
Criminology and Public Policy. 15(2), 457-479.
doi: 10.1111/1745-9133.12187

James, L., James, S.M., & Vila, B. (2017)
Does the “reverse racism effect” withstand the test of police officer fatigue?
Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management. 40(2), 184-196.
doi: 10.1108/PIJPSM-01-2016-0006

James, L., James, S. M., & Vila, B. (2018)
Testing the impact of citizen characteristics and demeanor on police officer behavior in potentially violent encounters.
Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management. 41(1), 24-40.
doi: 10.1108/PIJPSM-11-2016-0159

James, L., James, S.M., & Vila, B. (2018)
The impact of work shift and fatigue on police officer response in simulated interactions with citizens.
Journal of Experimental Criminology. 11, 111-120.
doi: 10.1007/s11292-017-9294-2

James, L., James, S., Wilson, M., Brown, N., Dotson, E., Edwards, C., & Butterfield, P. (2020)
Sleep health and predicted cognitive effectiveness of nurses working 12-hour shifts: an observational study.
International Journal of Nursing Studies. 112.
doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2020.103667

James, L., Klinger, D. & Vila, B. (2014)
Racial and ethnic bias in decisions to shoot seen through a stronger lens: experimental results from high-fidelity laboratory simulations.
Journal of Experimental Criminology. 10(3), 323–340.
doi: 10.1007/s11292-014-9204-9

James, L., Samuels, C., Vincent, F. (2018)
Evaluating the Effectiveness of Fatigue Management Training to Improve Police Sleep Health and Wellness.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 60(1), 77-82.
doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001174

James, L., Smart, D., Odom-Maryon, T., Honn, K.A., & Rowan, S. (2019)
Sleep deprivation in Air National Guard medical personnel responding to simulated disaster-training exercises.
Military Psychology. 31(2), 138-146, 
doi: 10.1080/08995605.2019.1565909

James, L. & Todak, N. (2018)
Prison employment and post‐traumatic stress disorder: Risk and protective factors.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 61, 725732
doi: 10.1002/ajim.22869

James, L., Todak, N., & Best, S. (2017)
The negative impact of prison work on sleep health.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 60(5), 449-456.
doi: 10.1002/ajim.22714

James, L., Todak, N., & Savage, J. (2020)
Unnecessary Force by Police: Insights from Evolutionary Psychology.
Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice. 14(1), 278-291.
doi: 10.1093/police/pay025

James, L., Vila, B. & Daratha, K. (2013)
Results from experimental trials testing participant responses to White, Hispanic and Black suspects in high-fidelity deadly force judgment and decision-making simulations.
Journal of Experimental Criminology. 9(2), 189–212.
doi: 10.1007/s11292-012-9163-y

James, S.M. (2015)
Distracted driving impairs police patrol officer driving performance.
Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management. 38(3), 505-516.
doi: 10.1108/PIJPSM-03-2015-0030

James, S.M., Honn, K., Gaddameedhi, S., & Van Dongen, H.P.A. (2017)
Shift work: disrupted circadian rhythms and sleep – implications for health and well-being.
Current Sleep Medicine Reports. 3(2), 104-112.
doi: 10.1007/s40675-017-0071-6

James, S., Heintzman-Yutzie, S., & James, L. (2021)
An Effectiveness Evaluation of the Oregon State Revised Basic Police Academy Curriculum.
In E. Arble, & B. Arnetz (Ed.),
Interventions, Training, and Technologies for Improved Police Well-Being and Performance. 38-54. IGI Global.
doi: 10.4018/978-1-7998-6820-0.ch003

James, S.M. & James, L. (In Press) The Impact of 12-Hour Night Shifts on Nurses’ Driving Safety, Nursing Reports.

James, S.M., James, L., & Dotson, L. (2020)
Evaluating the Effectiveness of a Police Department’s Early Intervention System.
Journal of Experimental Criminology. 17, 457-471.
doi: 10.1007/s11292-019-09397-8

James, S.M., & Vila, B. (2012)
Driven to distraction.
The Journal Of California Law Enforcement, 46(2), 14-18.

James, S.M., & Vila, B. (2015)
Police drowsy driving: predicting fatigue-related performance decay.
Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 38(3), 517-538.
doi: 10.1108/PIJPSM-03-2015-0033

Johnson, R.R., Stone, B.T., Miranda, C.M., Vila, B., James, L., James, S.M., Rubio, R.F., & Berka, C. (2014)
Identifying psychophysiological indices of expert versus novice performance in deadly force judgment and decision making.
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 8(512).
doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00512

Lynch, G., James, S.M., Cardon, T., & McPherson, S. (2022)
Sensitivity and specificity of pupillary light reflex measures for ASD using monocular pupillometry.
Neurological Sciences.
doi: 10.1007/s10072-022-05976-2

Lynch, G.T., James, S.M., & VanDam, M. (2018)
Pupillary Response and Phenotype in ASD: Latency to Constriction Discriminates ASD from Typically Developing Adolescents.
Autism Reserach. 11(2), 364‐375.
doi: 10.1002/aur.1888

Postma, J., Tuell, E., James, L., Graves, J. M., & Butterfield, P. (2017)
Nursing Students’ Perceptions of the Transition to Shift Work: A Total Worker Health Perspective.
Workplace Health & Safety. 65(11), 533‐538.
doi: 10.1177/2165079917719713

Rowan, S., Smart, D., James, L., Honn, K.A.,  Roby, A., & Odom-Maryon, T. (2018)
Conducting Sleep Research with Air National Guard Medical Personnel.
59th Medical Wing, San Antonio, United States  

Smart, D., James, L., Odom-Maryon, T., & Rowan, S. (2020)
Effect of subjective sleepiness on critical skills performance in National Guard medical personnel during extensive disaster training.
Health Emergency and Disaster Nursing. 7(1), 17-26.
doi: 10.24298/hedn.2019-0007

Smart, D., Odom-Maryon, T., James, L., Rowen, S., & Roby, A. (2018)
Development of a Critical Skills Assessment for Military Medical Field Settings.
Nursing Practice & Research. 1(4), 1-8.
doi: 10.32648/2577-9516/1/4/002

Todak, N., Huff, J., & James, L. (2018)
Investigating perceptions of race and ethnic diversity among prospective police officers.
Police Practice and Research. 19(5), 490-504.
doi: 10.1080/15614263.2018.1428097

Todak, N., & James, L. (2018)
A Systematic Social Observation Study of Police De-Escalation Tactics.
Police Quarterly. 21(4), 509–543.
doi: 10.1177/1098611118784007

Today, N., Leben, L., & James, L. (2021)
Citizen Attitudes towards the Public Release of Police Body-Worn Camera Video Footage.
Police Practice and Research: An International Journal. 22(7), 1760-1776.
doi: 10.1080/15614263.2021.1969929

Van Dongen, H.P.A., Belenky, G., & Vila, B. (2011)
The efficacy of a restart break for recycling with optimal performance depends critically on circadian timing.
Sleep. 34(7), 917-929.
doi: 10.5665/SLEEP.1128

Vila, B. (2010)
The effects of officer fatigue on accountability and the exercise of police discretion.
In Candace McCoy (ed.),
Holding Police Accountable. Washington, D.C: Urban Institute Press, Chapter 7.

Vila, B., James, S.M., & James, L. (2018)
How police officers perform in encounters with the public: measuring what matters at the individual level.
Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management. 41(2), 215-232.
doi: 10.1108/PIJPSM-11-2016-0166

Vila, B., James, S.M., & James, L. (2016)
Novel Process for Developing Metrics That Measure What Police Do. Interservice/Industry Training Simulation and Education Conference,
I/ITSEC Proceedings 2016. (Conference Best Paper & Best Paper Award in Human Performance Analysis and Engineering)

Vila, B. & Samuels, C. (2011)
Sleep loss in first responders and the military. In Meir H. Kryger, Thomas Roth, and William C. Dement (eds.)
Principles and Practices of Sleep Medicine, 5th Ed. (PPSM 5e), Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders, Chapter 72.

Vila, B. & Savage, J. (2011)
Balancing counterterrorism strategies: lessons from evolutionary ecology.
In Brian Forst, Jack R. Greene and James P. Lynch (eds.)
Security and Justice in the Homeland: Criminologists on Terrorism, Cambridge University Press, Chapter 4.

Violanti, J.M., Burchfiel, C.M., Hartley, T.A., Mnatsakanova, A., Fekedulegn, D., Andrew, M., Slaven, J.E., Charles, L., & Vila, B. (2009)
Atypical work hours and metabolic syndrome among police officers.
Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health. 64(3), 194-201.
doi: 10.1080/19338240903241259

Violanti, J.M., Fekedulegn, D., Andrew, M.E., Charles, L.E., Hartley, T.A., Vila, B., & Burchfiel, C.M. (2012)
Shift work and the incidence of injury among police officers.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 55, 217-227.
doi: 10.1002/ajim.22007

Violanti, J.M. & Vila, B. (2010)
Disinhibitory contagion: psychological processes in deadly force incidents.
In Paul Bartone (ed.).
Enhancing Human Performance in Security Operations: International and Law Enforcement Perspectives. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C. Thomas, Chapter 16.

Waggoner, L., Grant, D., Van Dongen, H.P.A., Belenky, G., & Vila, B. (2012)
A combined field and laboratory design for assessing the impact of night-shift work on police officer operational performance.
Sleep. 35(11), 1575-77.
doi: 10.5665/sleep.2214

Wilson, M.*, Brown, N.*, James, L., James, S.M., Stevens, K., & Butterfield, P. (2022)
Psychometric evaluation of the Creighton Competency Evaluation Instrument in a population of working nurses.
Journal of Nursing Measurement. 30(1).
doi: 10.1891/JNM-D-20-00083 *shared first author

Winser, M.A., Hinson, J.M., James, S.M., Vila, B., Whitney, P., & Van Dongen, H.P.A. (2014)
Fatigue during deadly force decision-making: measuring skin conductance response during simulations.
Sleep-Wake Research in The Netherlands. 25, 81-84.

Wolfe, S.E., Rojek, J., Alpert, G., Tiesman, H., & James, S.M. (2015)
Characteristics of officer-involved vehicle collisions in California.
Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management. 38(3), 458-477.
doi: 10.1108/PIJPSM-03-2015-0029