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Simulated Hazardous Operational Tasks Laboratory Police & Corrections Research

Police & Corrections Research

*SHOT Lab members in bold

Charles, L.E., Slaven, J.E., Mnatsakanova, A., Ma, C., Violanti, J.M., Fekedulegn, D., Andrew, M.E., Vila, B., & Burchfiel, C.M. (2011)
Association of perceived stress with sleep duration and sleep quality in police officers.
International Journal of Emergency Mental Health. 13(4), 229-242. PMID: 22900457

James, L. (2021)
Evolutionary Psychology and Policing: The Balance Between Aggression and Restraint.
Sage Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology, Sage Publications Ltd, London.

James, L. (2018)
The Stability of Implicit Racial Bias in Police Officers.
Police Quarterly. 21(1), 30–52. doi: 10.1177/1098611117732974

James, L., Goldstein, M.S., Lecy, P. & Mase, S. (2021)
Testing the impact of physiological stress response on police performance during critical job tasks,
Policing: An International Journal. 44(3), 405-417. doi: 10.1108/PIJPSM-04-2020-0060

James, L. & James, S. (2019)
The Development and Testing of a Simulation-Based Implicit Bias Training Platform.
Police Chief, November 2019

James, L., & James, S.M. (2017)
Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) metrics: a novel method of measuring police performance during encounters with people in crisis.
Mental Health Addiction Research. 2(4), 2-4. doi: 10.15761/MHAR.1000143

James, L. & James, S., Davis, R., & Dotson, E. (2019)
Using Interval-Level Metrics to Investigate Situational-, Suspect-, and Officer-Level Predictors of Police Performance During Encounters With the Public.
Police Quarterly. 22(4), 452–480. doi: 10.1177/1098611119857559

James, L., James, S.M., & Hesketh, I. (2021)
Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Fatigue and Shift Working Risk Management Strategy for UK Home Office Police Forces: A Pilot Study.
International Journal of Emergency Services doi: 10.1108/IJES-05-2021-0031 Early Online Access

James, L., James, S.M., & Vila, B. (2016)
The reverse racism effect: are cops more hesitant to shoot black suspects?
Criminology and Public Policy. 15(2), 457-479. doi: 10.1111/1745-9133.12187

James, L., James, S.M., & Vila, B. (2017)
Does the “reverse racism effect” withstand the test of police officer fatigue?
Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management. 40(2), 184-196. doi: 10.1108/PIJPSM-01-2016-0006

James, L., James, S. M., & Vila, B. (2018)
Testing the impact of citizen characteristics and demeanor on police officer behavior in potentially violent encounters.
Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management. 41(1), 24-40. doi: 10.1108/PIJPSM-11-2016-0159

James, L., James, S.M., & Vila, B. (2018)
The impact of work shift and fatigue on police officer response in simulated interactions with citizens.
Journal of Experimental Criminology. 11, 111-120. doi: 10.1007/s11292-017-9294-2

James, L., Klinger, D. & Vila, B. (2014)
Racial and ethnic bias in decisions to shoot seen through a stronger lens: experimental results from high-fidelity laboratory simulations.
Journal of Experimental Criminology. 10(3), 323–340. doi: 10.1007/s11292-014-9204-9

James, L., Samuels, C., Vincent, F. (2018)
Evaluating the Effectiveness of Fatigue Management Training to Improve Police Sleep Health and Wellness.
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 60(1), 77-82. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001174

James, L. & Todak, N. (2018)
Prison employment and post‐traumatic stress disorder: Risk and protective factors.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 61, 725732 doi: 10.1002/ajim.22869

James, L., Todak, N., & Best, S. (2017)
The negative impact of prison work on sleep health.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 60(5), 449-456. doi: 10.1002/ajim.22714

James, L., Todak, N., & Savage, J. (2020)
Unnecessary Force by Police: Insights from Evolutionary Psychology.
Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice. 14(1), 278-291. doi: 10.1093/police/pay025

James, L., Vila, B. & Daratha, K. (2013)
Results from experimental trials testing participant responses to White, Hispanic and Black suspects in high-fidelity deadly force judgment and decision-making simulations.
Journal of Experimental Criminology. 9(2), 189–212. doi: 10.1007/s11292-012-9163-y

James, S.M. (2015)
Distracted driving impairs police patrol officer driving performance.
Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management. 38(3), 505-516. doi: 10.1108/PIJPSM-03-2015-0030

James, S., Heintzman-Yutzie, S., & James, L. (2021)
An Effectiveness Evaluation of the Oregon State Revised Basic Police Academy Curriculum.
In E. Arble, & B. Arnetz (Ed.),
Interventions, Training, and Technologies for Improved Police Well-Being and Performance. 38-54. IGI Global. doi: 10.4018/978-1-7998-6820-0.ch003

James, S.M., James, L., & Dotson, L. (2020)
Evaluating the Effectiveness of a Police Department’s Early Intervention System.
Journal of Experimental Criminology. 17, 457-471. doi: 10.1007/s11292-019-09397-8

James, S.M., & Vila, B. (2012)
Driven to distraction.
The Journal Of California Law Enforcement, 46(2), 14-18.

James, S.M., & Vila, B. (2015)
Police drowsy driving: predicting fatigue-related performance decay.
Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 38(3), 517-538. doi: 10.1108/PIJPSM-03-2015-0033

Todak, N., Huff, J., & James, L. (2018)
Investigating perceptions of race and ethnic diversity among prospective police officers.
Police Practice and Research. 19(5), 490-504. doi: 10.1080/15614263.2018.1428097

Todak, N., & James, L. (2018)
A Systematic Social Observation Study of Police De-Escalation Tactics.
Police Quarterly. 21(4), 509–543. doi: 10.1177/1098611118784007

Today, N., Leben, L., & James, L. (2021)
Citizen Attitudes towards the Public Release of Police Body-Worn Camera Video Footage.
Police Practice and Research: An International Journal. 22(7), 1760-1776. doi: 10.1080/15614263.2021.1969929

Vila, B. (2010)
The effects of officer fatigue on accountability and the exercise of police discretion.
In Candace McCoy (ed.),
Holding Police Accountable. Washington, D.C: Urban Institute Press, Chapter 7.

Vila, B., James, S.M., & James, L. (2018)
How police officers perform in encounters with the public: measuring what matters at the individual level.
Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management. 41(2), 215-232. doi: 10.1108/PIJPSM-11-2016-0166

Vila, B., James, S.M., & James, L. (2016)
Novel Process for Developing Metrics That Measure What Police Do. Interservice/Industry Training Simulation and Education Conference,
I/ITSEC Proceedings 2016. (Conference Best Paper & Best Paper Award in Human Performance Analysis and Engineering)

Vila, B. & Samuels, C. (2011)
Sleep loss in first responders and the military.
In Meir H. Kryger, Thomas Roth, and William C. Dement (eds.)
Principles and Practices of Sleep Medicine, 5th Ed. (PPSM 5e), Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders, Chapter 72.

Violanti, J.M., Burchfiel, C.M., Hartley, T.A., Mnatsakanova, A., Fekedulegn, D., Andrew, M., Slaven, J.E., Charles, L., & Vila, B. (2009)
Atypical work hours and metabolic syndrome among police officers.
Archives of Environmental and Occupational Health. 64(3), 194-201.doi: 10.1080/19338240903241259

Violanti, J.M., Fekedulegn, D., Andrew, M.E., Charles, L.E., Hartley, T.A., Vila, B., & Burchfiel, C.M. (2012)
Shift work and the incidence of injury among police officers.
American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 55, 217-227. doi: 10.1002/ajim.22007

Violanti, J.M. & Vila, B. (2010)
Disinhibitory contagion: psychological processes in deadly force incidents.
In Paul Bartone (ed.).
Enhancing Human Performance in Security Operations: International and Law Enforcement Perspectives. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C. Thomas, Chapter 16.

Waggoner, L., Grant, D., Van Dongen, H.P.A., Belenky, G., & Vila, B. (2012)
A combined field and laboratory design for assessing the impact of night-shift work on police officer operational performance.
Sleep. 35(11), 1575-77. doi: 10.5665/sleep.2214

Wolfe, S.E., Rojek, J., Alpert, G., Tiesman, H., & James, S.M. (2015)
Characteristics of officer-involved vehicle collisions in California.
Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management. 38(3), 458-477. doi: 10.1108/PIJPSM-03-2015-0029