Fan’s Paper entitled “Resultant Radius of Curvature of Stylet-and-Tube Steerable Needles” is accepted for an oral presentation at International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS) 2020.

steerable needles
Stylet-and-Tube Steerable Needles. The combined radius of curvature is dependent on step length, preset radius of the wire, tissue mechanical properties, and tube & wire mechanical properties.

The abstract of this paper is as follows:

Steerable needles have been widely researched in recent years, and they have multiple potential roles in the medical area.

The flexibility and capability of avoiding obstacles allow the steerable needles to be applied in the biopsy, drug delivery and other medical applications that require a high degree of freedom and control accuracy.

Radius of Curvature (ROC) of the needle while inserting in the soft tissue is an important parameter for evaluation of the efficacy, and steerability of these flexible needles.

For our Fracture-directed Stylet-and-Tube Steerable Needles, it is important to find a relationship among the resultant insertion ROC, pre-set wire shape and the Young’s Modulus of soft tissue to characterize this class of steerable needles.

In this paper, an approach is provided for obtaining resultant ROC using stylet and tissue mechanical properties. A finite element analysis is also conducted to support the reliability of the model. This work sets the foundation for other researchers to predict the insertion ROC based on the mechanical properties of the needle, and the soft tissue that is being inserted.

This year’s conference will be held on October 25-29, 2020 at Las Vegas, NV, USA.

Here is a video of the Fracture-directed Stylet-and-Tube Steerable Needles: